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Livslängdsdimensionering av korrosionsutsatta betongkonstruktioner
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Civil and Architectural Engineering, Building Technology and Design.
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Civil and Architectural Engineering, Building Technology and Design.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Lifetime Dimensioning of Corrosion-Exposed Concrete Ctructures (English)
Abstract [en]

Through history, iron has mainly been used as reinforcement in concrete. Contemporary building technology would not have been possible without reinforced concrete, however, from a global perspective, many concrete buildings have begun to encounter reinforcement corrosion, mainly due to chlorides and carbonation. When the chlorides come into contact with the reinforcing bars, a chemical reaction begins, which causes the iron to oxidize and begin to corrode. In a humid environment when the reinforcement corrodes, the iron expands and bursts the concrete from inside, which in turn results in cracks occurring in the concrete structure. In an environment with lack of oxygen, it often occurs that non expanding rust products form that are not defected on the concrete surface occurs through discoloring or spalling. This type of damage is not detected ocularly and therefore forms a more serious type of injury. This type of rust is a silent type of damage that can cause deteriorated bearing capacity in the construction, since the cross-sectional area of the reinforcement in the concrete decreases. Sweco has been involved in a couple of projects where there have been huge problems due to corrosion of reinforcement. The damages that emerged leading to the repairs of these type of damage costing large sums. This report is based on previous projects, articles, literature studies, reports and interviews. Interviews have been conducted with competent people who have shared their valuable opinions, knowledge and experiences. In order to stop ongoing corrosion of reinforcement and also repair the damage, several alternative solution and repair measures have been devolped. Some of the most relevant suggestions in this report is to remove the damaged concrete and then re-cast or alternatively cast in cathodic protection or a combination of these.

Abstract [sv]

Genom historien har man främst använt sig av järn som armering i betong. Samtidens byggteknik hade inte varit möjlig utan armerad betong, dock behöver man vara uppmärksam på armeringskorrosion framför allt på grund av klorider och karbonatisering. När kloriderna kommer i kontakt med armeringsjärnen påbörjas en kemisk reaktion som leder till att järnen oxiderar och börjar korrodera. I fuktig miljö när armeringen korroderar, expanderar järnen och spränger betongen inifrån vilket i sin tur resulterar i att sprickor uppstår i betongkonstruktionen. I syrefattiga miljöer uppstår det oftast svartrost som är den typ av skada som uppstår inuti en betongkonstruktion. Denna typ av skada upptäcks inte okulärt och blir därför en allvarligare typ av skada. Svartrost är även den typ av skada som kan förorsaka försämrad bärighet i konstruktionen eftersom tvärsnittsarean hos armeringen i betongen minskar. Sweco har varit inblandade i ett par projekt där det har förekommit enorma problem på grund av armeringskorrosion. Skadorna som har uppstått på grund av armeringskorrosion har lett till att reparationerna av dessa skador har varit kostsamma. Denna rapport är baserad på tidigare projekt, artiklar, litteraturstudier, rapporter samt intervjuer. Intervjuer har genomförts med kompetenta personer som har delat med sig av sina värdefulla åsikter, kunskaper och erfarenheter för att få en bättre uppfattning av konsekvenserna som uppstår på grund av armeringskorrosion. För att stoppa pågående armeringskorrosion och även reparera skadorna, har reparationsåtgärder i denna rapport tagits fram. Några utav de mest relevanta förslag på åtgärder i denna rapport är att ta bort den skadade betongen för att sedan gjuta på nytt, alternativt gjuta in katodiskt skydd eller en kombination av dessa.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019.
Series
TRITA-ABE-MBT ; 195006
Keywords [en]
Chlorides, concrete, reinforcement, reinforcement corrosion, cathodic protection, corrosion, rust
Keywords [sv]
Klorider, betong, armering, armeringskorrosion, katodiskt skydd, korrosion, rost
National Category
Building Technologies
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-255606OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-255606DiVA, id: diva2:1340017
External cooperation
Sweco Structures AB
Educational program
Bachelor of Science in Engineering - Constructional Engineering and Design
Available from: 2019-08-01 Created: 2019-08-01 Last updated: 2019-09-25Bibliographically approved

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