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Preferential hand use by captive chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) in manual and tool digging
Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Univ Tubingen, Germany.
Univ Oslo, Norway.
Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biology. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5583-2697
2019 (English)In: Primates, ISSN 0032-8332, E-ISSN 1610-7365, Vol. 60, no 4, p. 367-373Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Digging for underground storage organs of plants has been reported in various populations of wild chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). However, it is unknown so far whether chimpanzees display lateral biases in manual digging as direct observations of this behavior are still lacking. It was therefore the aim of the present study to assess, for the first time, hand preferences for digging in a group of nine captive chimpanzees. We found that with only one exception, all individuals engaged in manual digging for buried food. Five individuals displayed a significant right-hand preference, two a significant left-hand preference, and one was ambidextrous. No apparent differences between males and females were found with regard to the direction or strength of hand preferences for manual digging. Only one out of four parent-offspring pairs was congruent in their preferred hand for manual digging. Three of the eight chimpanzees who dug manually also used tools in order to excavate buried food. Among those three individuals, one displayed a significant right-, one a significant left-hand preference, and one was ambidextrous. Only one of these three chimpanzees was consistent in preferring the same hand for manual and tool digging. The present findings are in line with the notion that chimpanzees display significant hand preferences at the individual level for haptic-guided behaviors, with a tendency for the right hand.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
SPRINGER JAPAN KK , 2019. Vol. 60, no 4, p. 367-373
Keywords [en]
Chimpanzees; Hand preferences; Digging; Tool use; Pan troglodytes
National Category
Evolutionary Biology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-159157DOI: 10.1007/s10329-019-00727-yISI: 000474431600007PubMedID: 31006044OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-159157DiVA, id: diva2:1339648
Note

Funding Agencies|La Caixa Foundation [LCF/BQ/EU15/10350002]

Available from: 2019-07-30 Created: 2019-07-30 Last updated: 2019-11-13

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Motes-Rodrigo, AlbaLaska, Matthias
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