Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Is attained height associated with overnutrition measures in adolescents?: A cross-sectional analysis of 15 years’ follow-up data in the Maternal and Infant Nutrition Interventions in Matlab (MINIMat) study in rural Bangladesh
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, International Maternal and Child Health (IMCH).
2019 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Background: As overnutrition rises along with nutrition transition in low- and middle-income settings such as Bangladesh, evaluating metabolic risk factors using overnutrition measures in adolescents is important. Before doing such evaluation, a preliminary step should be taken to attest the independence of overnutrition measures from total height. Moreover, sitting height measures are recognized as important metabolic risk indicators. This study aims to understand the association of attained height –total and sitting– with overnutrition measures including body mass index (BMI), percent body fat (PBF), fat mass index (FMI) and fat free mass index (FFMI) and to assess modification by sex. Methods: Cross-sectional analysis of the MINIMat study’s 15-year follow-up data from October 2017 to December 2018 was undertaken. The associations of attained height –total and sitting– with each of the overnutrition measures were analysed using multiple linear regressions. Results: Overnutrition measures were non-independent of total height among male adolescents. The taller they were, the higher their BMI would be. This increase of BMI along with the height would have been contributed relatively more by the increase of fat free mass (FFM) than that of fat mass (FM). When total heights of both sexes were kept equal at the median, female adolescents had lower lean mass (FFMI) and higher fat mass (FMI) than the males although there was no difference in BMI on average between them. Sitting height was associated with all overnutrition measures with varying extents depending on the sex. Conclusion: When assessing overnutrition measures, it is important to examine beyond BMI and into FMI and FFMI. Again, when assessing the metabolic risks using overnutrition measures among adolescents, normalizing those indices for height is important to be considered to avoid inferring the implication from growth as risks.         

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 47
Keywords [en]
nutrition, malnutrition, overnutrition, attained height, height, sitting height, BMI, adolescents, Bangladesh
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-384671OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-384671DiVA, id: diva2:1339147
Educational program
Master Programme in Global health
Presentation
2019-06-03, Rudbecksalen, Dag Hammarskjölds Väg 20, 752 37, Uppsala, 14:20 (English)
Supervisors
Available from: 2019-09-16 Created: 2019-07-26 Last updated: 2019-09-16Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

Thesis_Thet Lynn_20190516(1015 kB)14 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 1015 kBChecksum SHA-512
96ba2acbb56635c4446382ab11d25117a618fe9ae4791e9f82935d7fc2267834ac023f995f8a1b13346f8697399bee6f6600821e4d19d04d18ab8cd1b66eb1d1
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

By organisation
International Maternal and Child Health (IMCH)
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 14 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

urn-nbn

Altmetric score

urn-nbn
Total: 68 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf