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MeningiSSS: A New Predictive Score to Support Decision on Invasive Procedures to Monitor or Manage the Intracerebral Pressure in Children with Bacterial Meningitis
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Paediatrics. Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Microbiology, Infectious Diseases.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9885-2321
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Microbiology, Infectious Diseases.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Paediatrics.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Microbiology, Infectious Diseases.
2020 (English)In: Neurocritical Care, ISSN 1541-6933, E-ISSN 1556-0961, Vol. 32, no 2, p. 586-595Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Knowing the individual child’s risk is highly useful when deciding on treatment strategies, especially when deciding on invasive procedures. In this study, we aimed to develop a new predictive score for children with bacterial meningitis and compare this with existing predictive scores and individual risk factors.

Methods: We developed the Meningitis Swedish Survival Score (MeningiSSS) based on a previous systematic review of risk factors. From this, we selected risk factors identified in moderate-to-high-quality studies that could be assessed at admission to the hospital. Using data acquired from medical records of 101 children with bacterial meningitis, we tested the overall capabilities of the MeningiSSS compared with four existing predictive scores using a receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) analysis to assert the area under the curve (AUC). Finally, we tested all predictive scores at their cut-off levels using a Chi-square test. As outcome, we used a small number of predefined outcomes; in-hospital mortality, 30-day mortality, occurrence of neurological disabilities at discharge defined as Pediatric Cerebral Performance Category Scale category two to five, any type of complications occurring during the hospital stay, use of intensive care, and use of invasive procedures to monitor or manage the intracerebral pressure.

Results: For identifying children later undergoing invasive procedures to monitor or manage the intracerebral pressure, the MeningiSSS excelled in the ROC-analysis (AUC = 0.90) and also was the only predictive score able to identify all cases at its cut-off level (25 vs 0%, p < 0.01). For intensive care, the MeningiSSS (AUC = 0.79) and the Simple Luanda Scale (AUC = 0.75) had the best results in the ROC-analysis, whereas others performed less well (AUC ≤ 0.65). Finally, while none of the scores’ results were significantly associated with complications, an elevated score on the MeningiSSS (AUC = 0.70), Niklasson Scale (AUC = 0.72), and the Herson–Todd Scale (AUC = 0.79) was all associated with death.

Conclusions: The MeningiSSS outperformed existing predictive scores at identifying children later having to undergo invasive procedures to monitor or manage the intracerebral pressure in children with bacterial meningitis. Our results need further external validation before use in clinical practice. Thus, the MeningiSSS could potentially be helpful when making difficult decisions concerning intracerebral pressure management.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2020. Vol. 32, no 2, p. 586-595
Keywords [en]
Bacterial meningitis, Decision support techniques, Disease management, Risk factors, Risk assessment
National Category
Infectious Medicine Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Pediatrics Neurology
Research subject
Infectious Diseases; Anaesthesiology; Pediatrics; Neurology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-161684DOI: 10.1007/s12028-019-00792-7ISI: 000520711600029PubMedID: 31342450Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85069645835OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-161684DiVA, id: diva2:1338992
Funder
The Kempe FoundationsVästerbotten County CouncilAvailable from: 2019-07-25 Created: 2019-07-25 Last updated: 2020-05-14Bibliographically approved

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