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Enclosures as a land management tool for food security in African drylands
Swedish Univ Agr Sci SLU, Sweden.
Univ Nairobi, Kenya.
Univ Nairobi, Kenya.
Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Tema Environmental Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research, CSPR. Univ Gothenburg, Sweden; Chalmers Univ Technol, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4484-266X
2019 (English)In: Journal of Land Use Science, ISSN 1747-423X, E-ISSN 1747-4248Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Increasing sedentary agro-pastoralist livelihoods may be explained by land degradation, population pressure, agricultural commodification, and economic development. We reviewed scientific and grey literature for the effects of enclosures on food security. Only 8% of the 114 reviewed scientific articles addressed food production, while 69% approached environmental parameters that indirectly affect food security, most of which had positive results. Thirty-one percent focused on social and economic impacts, land tenure conflicts and elite capture with negative connotations. The grey literature showed an opposite balance between positive environmental views and negative socio-economic impacts. Enclosures are not a panacea for dryland development, but their use need to be recognized and understood. Multidisciplinary research and cooperation on the applied management of enclosures in the context of food security is highly needed. Furthermore, agro-pastoralist land-use practices need more policy space and practical management support, such as clear tenure legislation, agroforestry methodologies, and support in fodder production systems.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD , 2019.
Keywords [en]
African drylands; enclosures; land tenure; pastoralism; agro-pastoralism
National Category
Environmental Sciences related to Agriculture and Land-use
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-159067DOI: 10.1080/1747423X.2019.1636147ISI: 000474282400001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-159067DiVA, id: diva2:1338396
Note

Funding Agencies|Vetenskapsradet [SRL 348-2014-4288]

Available from: 2019-07-22 Created: 2019-07-22 Last updated: 2019-08-20

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