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Insights into the Exfoliation Process of V2O5 center dot nH(2)O Nanosheet Formation Using Real-Time V-51 NMR
Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Thin Film Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Stockholm Univ, Sweden; Alexandria Univ, Egypt.
Stockholm Univ, Sweden.
Uppsala Univ, Sweden.
Stockholm Univ, Sweden.
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2019 (English)In: ACS OMEGA, ISSN 2470-1343, Vol. 4, no 6, p. 10899-10905Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Nanostructured hydrated vanadium oxides (V2O5 center dot nH(2)O) are actively being researched for applications in energy storage, catalysis, and gas sensors. Recently, a one-step exfoliation technique for fabricating V2O5 center dot nH(2)O nano-sheets in aqueous media was reported; however, the underlying mechanism of exfoliation has been challenging to study. Herein, we followed the synthesis of V2O5 center dot nH(2)O nanosheets from the V2O5 and VO2 precursors in real using solution- and solid-state V-51 NMR. Solution-state V-51 NMR showed that the aqueous solution contained mostly the decavanadate anion [H2V10O28](4-) and the hydrated dioxova-nadate cation [VO2 center dot 4H(2)O](+), and during the exfoliation process, decavanadate was formed, while the amount of [VO2 center dot 4H(2)O](+) remained constant. The conversion of the solid precursor V2O5, which was monitored with solid-state V-51 NMR, was initiated when VO2 was in its monoclinic forms. The dried V2O5 center dot nH(2)O nanosheets were weakly paramagnetic because of a minor content of isolated V4+. Its solid-state V-51 signal was less than 20% of V2O5 and arose from diamagnetic V4+ or V5+.This study demonstrates the use of real-time NMR techniques as a powerful analysis tool for the exfoliation of bulk materials into nanosheets. A deeper understanding of this process will pave the way to tailor these important materials.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
AMER CHEMICAL SOC , 2019. Vol. 4, no 6, p. 10899-10905
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Materials Chemistry
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URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-158976DOI: 10.1021/acsomega.9b00727ISI: 000473361500150Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85068029548OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-158976DiVA, id: diva2:1338132
Available from: 2019-07-19 Created: 2019-07-19 Last updated: 2019-11-11Bibliographically approved

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