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Injury Pain in Track and Field Athletes: Cross-Sectional Study of Mediating Factors
Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Community Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Region Östergötland, Center for Health and Developmental Care, Center for Public Health.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6049-5402
Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Community Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Community Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Moi Univ, Kenya.
Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Psychology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Swedish Institute for Disability Research.
2019 (English)In: SPORTS, ISSN 2075-4663, Vol. 7, no 5, article id 110Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This exploratory study aimed to investigate whether data from track and field athletes support a conceptual model where the perception of pain affects self-evaluated health directly, yet is also indirectly mediated through personal factors and external stressors. A cross-sectional study was performed among athletes (n = 278) competing at the highest national level in the sport. Data for the dependent and independent variables were collected using the EuroQol-5 dimensions (EQ-5D) standardized measure of health status, and the mediator variables were collected by the Body Consciousness Scale (BCS-HA), Perceived Motivational Climate in Sport Questionnaire (PMCSQ), Commitment to Exercise Scale (CtES), and Brief Cope survey instruments. Two hundred and twenty-five (81%) athletes provided complete data sets. A strong direct association (c = -16.49; p amp;lt; 0.001) was found between pain and self-estimated health, and a global mediation was found through the mediators (mediation effect (ME), -1.814, 90% confidence interval (CI), -3.414, -0.351). Specific mediation was observed for body competence (ME, -0.721; 90% CI, -2.028, -0.097) and private body consciousness (ME, -0.514; 90% CI, -1.761, -0.017). In conclusion, we found a negative association between perceived pain and self-evaluated health among competitive track and field athletes, and we found that a portion of the association was mediated through mediating factors. Under the assumption that the analyzed pain data primarily represented noxious pain, the conceptual model of the relationships between pain and self-estimated health among high-level track and field athletes was supported.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI , 2019. Vol. 7, no 5, article id 110
Keywords [en]
sports medicine; pain perception; athletics; overuse injury; body consciousness; mediation analysis
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-159003DOI: 10.3390/sports7050110ISI: 000470957300015PubMedID: 31083441OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-159003DiVA, id: diva2:1338108
Note

Funding Agencies|Swedish Center for Sports Research (CIF) [P2016-0088]

Available from: 2019-07-19 Created: 2019-07-19 Last updated: 2019-11-11

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Timpka, ToomasJacobsson, JennyBargoria, VictorDahlström, Örjan
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