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Parental death during childhood and violent crime in late adolescence to early adulthood: a Swedish national cohort study
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Public Health Sciences, Centre for Health Equity Studies (CHESS).ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8707-180X
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Public Health Sciences, Centre for Health Equity Studies (CHESS).ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6973-0381
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Public Health Sciences. Karolinska Institute, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1146-7269
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Public Health Sciences, Centre for Health Equity Studies (CHESS). Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1645-2058
2019 (English)In: Palgrave Communications, ISSN 2055-1045, Vol. 5, article id 74Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Childhood parental death has been associated with adverse health, social and educational outcomes. Studies on long-term outcomes are in general scarce and there is little evidence on the long-term impact on anti-social behaviour. This study takes advantage of high-quality register data to investigate risk of violent crime in relation to childhood parental death in a large national cohort covering the entire Swedish population born in 1983–1993 (n = 1,103,656). The impact of parental death from external (suicides, accidents, homicides) and natural causes on risk for violent crime from age 15 to 20–30 years, considering multiple aspects of the rearing environment (including parental psychiatric disorders and criminal offending), was estimated through Cox regression. Unadjusted hazard ratios associated with parental death from external causes ranged between 2.20 and 3.49. For maternal and paternal death from external causes, adjusted hazard ratios were 1.26 (95% confidence intervals: 1.04–1.51) and 1.44 (95% confidence intervals: 1.32–1.57) for men, and 1.47 (95% confidence intervals: 1.05–2.06) and 1.51 (95% confidence intervals: 1.27–1.78) for women. With the exception of maternal death among women (hazard ratio 1.26, 95% confidence intervals: 1.03–1.53), parental death from natural causes was not associated with increased risks in adjusted models. The results underscore the importance of preventive interventions to prevent negative life-course trajectories, particularly when death is sudden and clustered with other childhood adversities.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. Vol. 5, article id 74
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Sociology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-170577DOI: 10.1057/s41599-019-0285-yISI: 000476606700004OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-170577DiVA, id: diva2:1336584
Available from: 2019-07-09 Created: 2019-07-09 Last updated: 2019-08-19Bibliographically approved

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Berg, LisaRostila, MikaelArat, ArzuHjern, Anders
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