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Den universella välfärden och tilliten: – ett experiment
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this paper is to investigate if and what effect universal and means-tested welfare programs have on people's (different forms of) trust. This is done through an experimental design in order to be able to demonstrate a causal relationship between the design of welfare programs and the perceived level of trustin individuals. A total of 98 students from Midsweden University in Sundsvall, Sweden, participated in the experiment. The respondents were divided into two experimental groups that had to fill out a trust-survey that was preceded by one out of two separate welfare scenarios – a means-tested one or a universal one.

The results confirms the hypothesis that universal welfare programs create a statistically significantly higher universal trust than means-tested programs, but not the hypothesis that means-tested programs create a statistically significantly higher particularized trust than universal welfare programs. At the same time the results show that universal welfare programs create a statistically significantly higher universal trust than particularized trust and that means-tested programs create a statistically significantly higher partizularized trust than universal trust. Finally the results also provide empirical support for the existence of a causal relationship between the design of welfare programs and the level of trust in individuals and society.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 70
Keywords [en]
Social capital, social trust, universal welfare, mean-tested welfare, universal trust, particularized trust, welfare program, welfare policy.
National Category
Political Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-36683OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-36683DiVA, id: diva2:1336488
Subject / course
Political Science ST2
Educational program
Master Programme (one year) in Political Sciences SSVMA 60 higher education credits
Supervisors
Examiners
Note

2019-06-04

Available from: 2019-07-09 Created: 2019-07-09 Last updated: 2019-07-09Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
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  • asciidoc
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