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Gait speed with anti-slip devices on icy pedestrian crossings relate to perceived fall-risk and balance
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehabilitation.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3619-2297
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2512-9922
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3081-7786
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehabilitation.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6975-8344
2019 (English)In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 16, no 14, article id 2451Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

It is important to find criteria for preventive measures and appropriate assistive devices to reduce pedestrian injuries and increase walking in winter. Reducing the rate of falls on icy surfaces and improving people’s ability to safely cross a street in winter conditions by achieving an adequate walking speed, for example, need to be considered. This study explores pedestrian perceptions of fall risk, balance, and footfall transitions while using different designs for anti-slip devices on ice and snow-covered ice and relates these to measures of gait speed and friction. Trials were performed with nine pedestrians testing 19 anti-slip devices on ice and ice covered with snow. Laboratory tests of the dynamic coefficient of friction (DCOF) on plain ice were also performed. The findings suggest that there was conformity in the participants’ perceptions of good balance and low fall risk for one-fifth of the devices (three whole-foot designs and one design with built-in spikes). We also found that gait speed on icy pedestrian crossings is related to perceived fall-risk and balance control, but not to DCOF of the anti-slip devices.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Basel, Switzerland: MDPI, 2019. Vol. 16, no 14, article id 2451
Keywords [en]
anti-slip device, classification, postural control, pedestrian crossing, safety, gait speed, winter conditions
National Category
Architectural Engineering Physiotherapy
Research subject
Architecture; Physiotherapy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-75254DOI: 10.3390/ijerph16142451ISI: 000480659300005PubMedID: 31295887Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85069835747OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-75254DiVA, id: diva2:1335965
Funder
Swedish Transport Administration, 2013/90656
Note

Validerad;2019;Nivå 2;2019-07-11 (johcin)

Available from: 2019-07-08 Created: 2019-07-08 Last updated: 2019-09-09Bibliographically approved

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Larsson, AgnetaBerggård, GlennRosander, PeterGard, Gunvor
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