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Fast Pyrolysis of Biomass in a Fluidized Bed for Production of Bio-oil and Upgradation by Ex-situ Catalytic Bed
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM).
2019 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Production of bio-oil from biomass is now becoming best substitute of fossil fuels in the transportation sector. Pyrolysis is one of the most promising route to produce bio-oil from biomass.  However, bio-oil needs to be upgraded due to presence of high percentage of oxygenated compounds. Catalytic fast pyrolysis is a very efficient way to produce and upgrade the bio-oil either it is in-situ or Ex-situ arrangement.

This study presents the experimental investigation of fast pyrolysis of lignocellulosic biomass by ex-situ catalytic upgradation.  The whole process consists of four parts: biomass grinding and sieving, pyrolysis, ex-situ fixed bed and vapours quenching. The pyrolysis experiment has been performed with nitrogen with or without catalyst to investigate the yield of different products. The analysis of results shows that higher yield of gas is obtained from catalytic upgradation together with the low yield of oil. The more oxygen was removed into CO and CO2 from vapours due to more cracking reactions occurred on catalytic bed. The yield of oil was decreased in catalytic experiments, but it has relatively good energy content due to no water in viscous phase and low acid number. The char yield was same for non-catalytic and catalytic experiments.

Abstract [sv]

Framställning av bioolja från biomassa är ett av de bästa alternativen som kan ersätta fossilabränslen i transportsektorn. Pyrolys är en av de mest lovande teknologierna för att framställabioolja från biomassa. Bioolja behöver dock uppgraderas på grund av en hög andeloxygenerade föreningar. Katalytisk snabbpyrolys är en effektiv metod för att producera ochuppgradera sådan bioolja, antingen genom in-situ eller ex-situ processuppställning.

Denna studie presenterar en experimentell undersökning av snabbpyrolys av lignocellulosiskbiomassa kombinerat med ex-situ katalytisk uppgradering. Processen består av fyra delar:förbereda lämplig partikelstorlek av biomassa, pyrolys, ex-situ fastbädd och kondensering avångor. Pyrolysexperiment har genomförts med vätgas med och utan katalysator för attundersöka utbytet av olika pyrolysprodukter. Resultaten visar att en katalytisk uppgraderingger en ökad andel gasprodukt samt ett lågt utbyte av olja. Stor andel syre avlägsnades från oljansom CO och CO2 genom krackningsreaktioner i den katalytiska bädden. Oljeutbytet var lägrevid katalytiska experiment, men visade ett lovande energivärde pga en minskad andel vattensamt ett lägre syratal. Utbytet av kol var detsamma för katalytiska och icke-katalytiskaexperiment.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 29
Series
TRITA-ITM-EX ; 2019:527
National Category
Materials Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-254895OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-254895DiVA, id: diva2:1335902
Educational program
Degree of Master - Chemical Engineering for Energy and Environment
Presentation
2019-06-19, 13:00 (English)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-07-09 Created: 2019-07-08 Last updated: 2019-07-09Bibliographically approved

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