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Virtual Design and Construction: En studie av VDC:s påverkan på entreprenörers verksamhetssystem
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Virtual Design and Construction : A Study of VDC’s Impact on a Contractor’s Operational System (English)
Abstract [sv]

Byggbranschens teknikutveckling har de senaste årtiondena har introducerat många tekniskainstrument bl.a. Computer-Aided Design (CAD) och Building Information Modeling (BIM).År 2001 introducerades Virtual Design and Construction (VDC) av CIFE på Stanford som ettnytt arbetssätt som svar på den minskande produktivitet som drabbat byggindustrin. VDCdefinieras som användningen av multidisciplinära modeller för att uppnå projektmål (Fischeroch Kunz, 2004). Sammantaget används tekniker från BIM, Integrated Concurrent Engineering(ICE) och Lean Construction inom VDC (Mandujano et al, 2015).Studien syftar på att undersöka kopplingen mellan VDC och entreprenörers verksamhetssystemsamt att granska implementeringsprocessen och dess utmaningar. För att göra detta måste ävenentreprenörernas egna definitioner av VDC kartläggas. Arbetet har genomförts med enkombination av en litteraturstudie och en intervjustudie för att täcka den etablerade kunskapeninom den akademiska arenan samt entreprenörernas egna kunskaper inom området.Intervjustudien har inkluderat två företag samt en utomstående expert.Resultatet skildrar att synen på VDC är olika bland entreprenörerna, bl.a. beskrivs det att varaett arbetssätt, ett arbetsverktyg eller ett hjälpmedel för att uppnå en väloptimerad byggnad.Entreprenörerna använder VDC praktiskt i form av ICE-liknande mötesstrukturer eller 3D- och4D-modeller. Den kumulativa implementeringsprocessen hos företagen ha bedrivits genompilotprojekt och kontinuerlig utbildning av medarbetare. Företagen har använt två skildaimplementeringsstrategier för VDC in i verksamhetssystemet. Dels en explicit-strategi därVDC skrivits in direkt i verksamhetssystemet som ett eget ämnesområde. Den andra strateginkallas implicit, där VDC inte nämns alls i verksamhetssystemet, utan istället är detbeskrivningar, guider och rutiner som förändrats för att integrera VDC som ett standardiseratarbetssätt i organisationen.

Abstract [en]

The construction industry's technological development has in the recent decades introducedmany technical instruments, for example Computer-Aided Design (CAD) and BuildingInformation Modeling (BIM). In 2001, Virtual Design and Construction (VDC) was introducedas a new way of working by CIFE at Stanford in response to the declining productivity in theconstruction industry. VDC is defined as the use of multidisciplinary models to achieve projectgoals (Fischer and Kunz, 2004). Techniques from BIM, Integrated Concurrent Engineering(ICE) and Lean Construction are all used within the VDC-process (Mandujano et al, 2015).This study aims to investigate the connection between VDC and contractors’ operationalsystems, and to examine the implementation process and its challenges. To do this, thecontractors' own definitions of VDC must also be defined. The work has been carried out as acombination of a literature study and an interview study to cover the established knowledgewithin the academic arena and the contractors’ own knowledge in the field. The interview studyhas included two companies and one external expert.The result shows that the view of VDC is different among the contractors. For example, it’sdescribed as a methodology, a tool or a utility to achieve a high-performance building. Thecontractors use VDC practically in the form of ICE-like meeting structures or 3D and 4Dmodels. The cumulative implementation process of the companies has been conducted throughpilot projects and continuous VDC-training of employees. The companies have used twodifferent implementation strategies for VDC into their operational system. One company useda explicit strategy where VDC was entered directly into the operational system as a separatesubject area. The second strategy is called implict where VDC is not mentioned at all in theoperational system, but instead it’s descriptions, guides and routines that have been changed tointegrate VDC as a standardized working method within the organization.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 52
Series
TRITA-ABE-MBT ; 19400
Keywords [en]
VDC, Lean Construction, BIM, ICE, Operational System
Keywords [sv]
VDC, Lean Construction, BIM, ICE, verksamhetssystem
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-254848OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-254848DiVA, id: diva2:1335606
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Examiners
Available from: 2019-08-13 Created: 2019-07-05 Last updated: 2019-09-25Bibliographically approved

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