Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Är återanvändning av renat avloppsvatten lösningen på Halmstad kommuns årliga vattenbrist?
Halmstad University.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Due to an increased population and future risks of drought in Halmstad municipality, the pres- sure on water reservoirs increases. To address future challenges and decrease the dependency on large amounts of precipitation, Laholmsbuktens Water and Sewer as started to investigate the opportunity to re-infiltrate purified wastewater. Therefore, I studied the possibility to re- infiltrate purified wastewater into a pit and produce drinking water. To investigate the possibil- ity, I selected to conduct a literature study. I started to compile the limit values for drinking water and outflowing concentrations from Western shore wastewater treatment plant for all the substances I studied. Then I investigated the pits purification capacity, through comparing the concentration after purification of the pit with limit values I could establish which substances required further purification. The pits area requirement and suitable further purification treat- ment for the studied substances were also examined. The investigated substances are chemical oxygen demand (COD), biochemical oxygen demand (BOD), total nitrogen (tot-N), total phos- phorus (tot-P), ammonium, suspended solids, 7 heavy metals, 10 pharmaceuticals and 11 Poly- and perfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS). The results showed that COD, BOD, diklofenak, kar- bamazepin, zink and all PFAS-substances required further purification before the water entered the pit. The most suitable further purification for the studied substances established to be ultra- filtration as pre-treatment to reverse osmosis and it requires four 1.5 hectare basins to infiltrate the desired amount of water. Therefor the conclusion of this study is, that it is possible to create drinking water by infiltrating wastewater from Western shore wastewater treatment plant into the specific pit. However, the wastewater requires ultrafiltration and reverse osmosis treatment before infiltration in order to remove contamination that will not be removed by the infiltration process.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 49
Keywords [sv]
Infiltration, omvänd osmos, vattenrening, föroreningar, vattenbrist, och Västra strandens reningsverk
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-40174OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-40174DiVA, id: diva2:1335547
External cooperation
Laholmsbuktens VA
Subject / course
Environmental Science
Educational program
Environmental Programme, 180 credits
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-07-05 Created: 2019-07-05 Last updated: 2019-07-05Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(3196 kB)10 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT02.pdfFile size 3196 kBChecksum SHA-512
96fe18bfe142e03265fd54f1325666ff5382d71660cde4594b7e2309f4660caa903d2e895b4b6190a756a4959faba4533ba9053235b59d5cd6e1408997571986
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

By organisation
Halmstad University
Environmental Sciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 10 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

urn-nbn

Altmetric score

urn-nbn
Total: 35 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf