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Låt de yngsta barnen få möta demokratin i förskolan!: En vetenskaplig essä om förskolans demokrati-och värdegrundsarbete med de yngsta barnen i förskolan
Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Centre for Studies in Practical Knowledge.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Let the youngest children i preeschool experience democracy! : A scientific essay on working with democracy and values in early childhood education and care (English)
Abstract [en]

The objective of this thesis is to investigate how to work with values and democracy in practice, when working with early childhood education and care. The thesis is presented as an essay, where the framed questions are considered using several different perspectives. The types of questions raised address issues such as the educators' attitudes and approaches, the individual's position within the group and how democracy and care are intrinsically integrated with each other.

The issues are considered and discussed in part through formative texts from the author’s own experience, and in part through a theoretical in-depth study of the principles of democracy in the context of raising children, education and teaching, and additionally, through participatory observations of children in four different groups, five times, with ages ranging from 1-3 year olds. The thematic analysis considers the children's opportunities to meet democratic values ​​in many of the situations that in preschool would be categorised as care. The educators’ role in acknowledging and confirming the children within the group in conjunction with creating an awareness of each other's choices, differences and competencies is also considered. The concluding thoughts are that democratic values, such as inclusion, consideration and respect, can be strengthened and acknowledged for the children through the educators' knowledge and awareness. By including work with values as learning objects, educators can create more opportunities in early childhood education and care to meet and develop democratic values.

Abstract [sv]

Uppsatsens syfte är att undersöka vad praktiskt värdegrundsarbete och demokratiarbete med de yngsta barnen på förskolan kan vara. Uppsatsen skrivs i essäform där fågeställningarna behandlas i flera olika dimensioner. Frågeställningarna handlar om pedagogers förhållningssätt och bemötande, individens plats i gruppen samt hur demokrati och omsorg hör ihop. Frågorna behandlas och diskuteras dels genom gestaltande texter från den egna praktiken, dels genom teoretisk fördjupning i demokratibegreppet kopplat till fostran, utbildning och undervisning samt genom fem deltagande observationer från fyra olika barngrupper med 1-3-åringar. I den tematiska analysen diskuteras barnens möjligheter att möta demokratiska värden i många av de situationer vi i förskolan skulle kategorisera som omsorg. Likaså diskuteras hur pedagogerna synliggör och bekräftar barnen inför varandra i gruppen genom att skapa en medvetenhet om varandras val, olikheter och kompetenser. De konkluderande tankarna är att demokratiska värden, så som inkludering, hänsyn och respekt, kan stärkas och synliggöras med barnen genom pedagogers kunskap och medvetenhet. Genom att lyfta värdegrundsfrågor som lärandeobjekt kan pedagoger skapa fler möjligheter för de yngsta barnen på förskolan att möta och utveckla demokratiska värden.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 46
Keywords [en]
preschool, democratic, values, care, toddlers (children between 1-3 years old)
Keywords [sv]
förskola, demokrati, värdegrund, omsorg, yngsta barnen
National Category
Pedagogical Work
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-38569OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-38569DiVA, id: diva2:1335208
Subject / course
Studies in Practical Knowledge
Uppsok
Social and Behavioural Science, Law
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-07-04 Created: 2019-07-04 Last updated: 2019-07-04Bibliographically approved

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