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Utrikesfödda - framtidens fattigpensionärer?: En kvantitativ studie som undersöker marginalskattens påverkan på skillnaden i pensionsinkomster mellan inrikes- och utrikesfödda
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Economics.
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Economics.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med den här uppsatsen är att analysera hur marginalskatten påverkar skillnaden i framtida pensionsinkomster mellan inrikes- och utrikesfödda män och kvinnor. Det här undersöks genom att använda en ekonometrisk OLS modell. Den beroende variabeln i modellen, disponibel pensionsinkomst, konstrueras med hjälp av Pensionsmyndighetens typfallsmodell. I typfallsmodellen lägger vi in data över individernas årliga arbetsinkomster, vilket generar individernas framtida pensionsinkomster, givet vissa antaganden. Resultaten visar att marginalskatten påverkar utrikesföddas pensionsinkomster mer negativt än inrikes föddas och kvinnors pensionsinkomster mer negativt än mäns. Det här indikerar att en sänkt marginalskatt kan minska skillnaden i framtida pensionsinkomster både mellan inrikes- och utrikesfödda och mellan män och kvinnor. Resultaten visar också att en sänkt marginalskatt påverkar höginkomsttagares pensionsinkomster mindre positivt jämfört med icke-höginkomsttagare. Följaktligen skulle en sänkt marginalskatt kunna minska skillnaden i pensionsinkomster mellan individerna. Vidare kan man argumentera för att marginalskatten för höginkomsttagare borde höjas ytterligare, för att skillnaden i pensionsinkomster mellan inrikes- och utrikesfödda män och kvinnor ska minska i större omfattning.

Abstract [en]

This paper studies the effect of a marginal tax on differences in future pension incomes, both between men and women, and between domestic born and foreign born. The purpose of this paper is examined by using an econometric OLS model. The dependent variable, disposable pension income, is conducted by using the Swedish Pensions’ Authority ́s typology model. We use data for wage income to generate the individuals’ future pension incomes through the typology model, given certain assumptions. The results show that the effect of an increased marginal tax on future pension income is more negative for foreign born, compared to domestic born. The effect is also more negative for women than for men. These results indicate that a lower marginal tax rate can reduce the differences in future pension incomes between the research groups. Moreover, the results illustrate that the effect of an increased marginal tax on future pension income is less negative for high-income earners. This implies that a lower marginal tax would reduce the differences in future pension incomes. Furthermore, the results indicate that the marginal tax rate for high-income earners should increase further, in order to further reduce the differences in future pension incomes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 50
Keywords [sv]
Utrikesfödda, fattigpensionärer, marginalskatt, pensionsinkomster, inrikesfödda, framtiden
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-158613ISRN: LIU-IEI-FIL-A--19/03123--SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-158613DiVA, id: diva2:1335138
Subject / course
Master Thesis in Business and Economics Programme (Economics); Master Thesis in Economics
Presentation
2019-06-04, 319:230, Linköpings universitet 581 83, Linköping, 10:15 (Swedish)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-07-04 Created: 2019-07-03 Last updated: 2019-07-04Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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