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Realistiskt eller överdrivet?: En studie om uncanny valley i animerad film
KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS).
KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS).
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Realistic or exaggerated? : A study about uncanny valley in animated movies (English)
Abstract [sv]

Till följd av snabba framsteg inom animeringsteknik har möjligheten att skapa realistiska datorgenererade karaktärer resulterat i att fenomenet uncanny valley eller på svenska kusliga dalen, som tidigare endast nämnts i samband med robotik, också visat sig existera i animerad film. Uncanny valley beskriver den subjektiva punkten när en virtuell karaktär uppfattas för realistisk eller människolik vilket leder till att den emotionella responsen hos betraktaren blir negativ istället för empatisk och engagerande.

Syftet med studien är att kvalitativt undersöka den empatiska responsen hos en person som tittar på animerad film i uncanny valley jämfört med den känslomässiga reaktionen när personen i fråga tittar på animerad film vars karaktärer stiliserats och överdrivits för att undvika uncanny valley. I undersökningen fick 15 elever se 12 klipp från tre olika filmer, varav en film fungerade som normalfall för empatisk respons. Klippen följde en karaktär från respektive film när den upplever glädje, sorg, ilska och rädsla. Deltagarna blev därefter ombedda att bedöma hur starkt de berördes av scenerna och vilken av de fyra nämnda känslorna de trodde klippen förmedlade.

Resultatet av studien visar att animerad film som faller i uncanny valley påverkar den empatiska responsen negativt och att animerade filmer med karaktärer som överdrivits och stiliserats för att undvika uncanny valley i de flesta fall uppfattas som bättre och lättare att empatisera med. Resultaten pekade även på att deltagarna hade svårare att uppfatta känslor i film som var animerad otion capture teknik, dvs film där uncanny valley fenomenet ofta uppstår.

Abstract [en]

Due to rapid advances in animation technology the opportunity to create increasingly realistic computer generated characters has resulted in that the phenomenon of uncanny valley, as previously mentioned only in robotics, also proved to exist in animated film. The uncanny valley describes the subjective point when the virtual characters are deemed too realistic or human like and the emotional reaction towards them is negative rather than empathetic and engaging.‌

The purpose of this study is to qualitatively examine the empathic response of a viewer watching clips from an animated movie in uncanny valley as well as a an animated movie that has been exaggerated and stylized. To research this, 15 students watched 12 clips from three different movies, one movie serving as a normal case for empathic response. The clip followed one character from each film when they experienced joy, sadness, anger and fear. The participants were then asked to assess how strongly they were touched by the film and which of the four previously mentioned emotions they believed was conveyed in the clip.

The results of the study show that animated features that falls into the uncanny valley affects the empathic response negatively and animated movies with exaggerated and stylized animations are in most cases perceived as better and easier to empathize with. The results also showed that the perception of emotion displayed in the clips was more unclear for animations done with motion capture, i.e where the uncanny valley effect is most prominent.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019.
Series
TRITA-EECS-EX ; 2019:189
Keywords [sv]
Animation, Uncanny Valley, Empati, Film.
National Category
Media Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-254757OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-254757DiVA, id: diva2:1335135
Subject / course
Media Technology
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-07-04 Created: 2019-07-03 Last updated: 2019-07-04Bibliographically approved

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  • apa
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