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Hur påverkas effektiviteten av studenters inlärning av läromedlen ljudbok och tryckt bok?
KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS).
KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS).
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
How the efficiency of learning for students differs between audio books and printed books? (English)
Abstract [sv]

Ljudboken har under de senaste åren haft en stark framväxt i samhället och blivit ett vanligt bokformat. Kurslitteratur i formatet är något begränsat, men det finns en önskan hos studenter att ha tillgång till kurslitteratur i ljudboksformat. Studiens syfte är därför att undersöka hur påverkas effektiviteten av studenters inlärning av läromedlen ljudbok och tryckt bok. Hög effektivitet definieras som att lära sig mycket på kort tid. Då människor har olika sätt de föredrar att lära sig på, så kallade lärstilar, undersöktes en koppling mellan detta samt studenternas vanor och effektiviteten. Tidigare forskning visar på olika resultat gällande huruvida läromedel i textformat och ljudformat påverkar inlärningens effektivitet, samt lärstilar och studenters vanors påverkan på inlärningen. En fallstudie utfördes på studenter från KTH där studenterna fick både läsa samt lyssna på kapitel ur en faktabok och sedan genomföra ett prov på båda kapitlen. Studenternas lärstilar samt deras läsoch lyssnarvanor undersöktes även. Studien visar att ingen signifikant skillnad i hur mycket man lär sig från en tryckt bok och en ljudbok finns. Däremot finns det en signifikant skillnad i tidsåtgången, där en tryckt bok är ett mer effektivt läromedel för inlärning än en ljudbok. Studiens resultat indikerade på att det fanns en korrelation mellan studenternas styrka i den auditiva lärstilen samt deras lyssnarvanor och hur väl de presterade på proven, men korrelationen visade sig vara statistiskt insignifikant. En tryckt bok visade sig alltså vara mer effektiv än en ljudbok då den gick fortare att läsa. Däremot kan ljudböcker beroende på situationen och personen, vara ett bra alternativ till tryckta böcke borde även göras tillgänglig som ljudböcker.

Abstract [en]

Audiobooks have in recent years had a strong growth in society and have become a common book format. Course literature in the format is somewhat limited, but there is a desire among students to have access to course literature as audiobooks. The aim of the study is therefore to investigate how the efficiency of learning for students differs between audio books and printed books. High efficiency is defined as being able to learn a lot in a short time. To understand how the efficiency of students’ learning is affected by their habits and their preference of learning, also known as their learning style, a correlation between these was explored. Previous research shows different results regarding whether course literature in text format and audio formats affect the efficiency of students’ learning, as well as if there is a correlation between learning styles and student habits. A case study was conducted on students from the Royal Institute of Technology where the students read and listened to chapters from a non-fiction book and then wrote a test on both chapters. The students’ learning styles and habits were also examined. The results show that there is no significant difference in how much students learn from a printed book and an audiobook. However, there was a significant difference in time, where a printed book is more effective for learning than an audiobook. The results of the study indicated that there was a correlation between the students' strength in the auditory learning style as well as their listening habits and how well they performed on the test, but the correlation proved to be statistically insignificant. A printed book proved to be more effective for learning than an audiobook, since it was less time consuming. Although, depending on the situation and the person, audiobooks may still be a good alternative format for course literature and the study concludes that course literature should also be made available as audiobooks.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019.
Series
TRITA-EECS-EX ; 2019:188
Keywords [sv]
Effektivitet; Inlärning; Student; Ljudbok; Tryckt bok; Lärstil
National Category
Media Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-254756OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-254756DiVA, id: diva2:1335132
Subject / course
Media Technology
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-07-04 Created: 2019-07-03 Last updated: 2019-07-04Bibliographically approved

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