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Matematikundervisning i förskoleklass och årskurs 1: Lärare berättar om subtraktionsundervisning
Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013).
Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013).
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Teaching mathematics in preschool and grade 1 : Teachers talking about teaching subtraction (English)
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this qualitative study was to investigate how the progression appears in the teaching of subtraction between preschool class and grade 1. What was examined was whether the teaching in subtraction is interrelated be- tween these grades or whether it differs completely. In order to find this out, interviews were conducted with employed qualified teachers in pre-school class and grade 1. Through these interviews we got to learn about the teachers' stories about how they work and what influences their choices in their work on subtraction. A teaching media analysis was also carried out on the teaching materials that teachers stated they used in the teaching of subtraction. The re- sults show that teachers in pre-school class work very much with laboratory teaching materials in their teaching as well as in whole class or smaller groups, while teachers in grade 1 work less in whole class/groups but more with indi- vidual work. The work in grade 1 proves to be more focused on the fact that teachers want something to assess the students compared to the preschool class' work where much of the learning is done through play. The results show that preschool teachers work either very little with subtraction or not at all com- pared to primary school teachers in grade 1 where subtraction is practiced on a regular basis. In preschool the terminology that is used is both formal and informal, however, overall more informal words are used compared to grade 1 where more formal words are used. The results also show that preschool teach- ers prepare the subtraction strategy step-by-step calculations. In grade 1 the strategy step-by-step calculations are used as well as the numerical calculations strategy.

Abstract [sv]

Syftet med denna kvalitativa studie var att undersöka hur progressionen ser ut i subtraktionsundervisning mellan förskoleklass och årskurs 1. Det som un- dersöktes var om undervisningen i subtraktion hänger samman mellan dessa årskurser eller om den ser helt olika ut. För att få reda på detta genomfördes intervjuer med verksamma behöriga lärare i förskoleklass samt årskurs 1. Ge- nom dessa intervjuer fick vi ta del av lärares berättelser om hur de arbetar och vad som påverkar deras val i sitt arbete med subtraktion. En läromedelsanalys genomfördes även på de läromedel som lärare uppgav att de använde sig av i subtraktionsundervisningen. Resultatet visar att lärare i förskoleklass arbetar väldigt mycket med laborativa läromedel i sin undervisning samt i helklasser eller mindre grupper medan lärare i årskurs 1 arbetar betydligt mindre del i helklass/grupper men desto mer med individuellt arbete. Arbetet i årskurs 1 visar sig vara mer inriktat på att lärare vill ha något som de kan bedöma ele- verna på jämfört med förskoleklassens arbete där stor del av lärandet sker ge- nom lek. Resultatet visar att lärare i förskoleklass arbetar väldigt lite eller inte alls med subtraktion till skillnad från årskurs 1 där subtraktion tränas regel- bundet. Terminologin som används i förskoleklass är en kombination av in- formella och formella ord, dock merparten informella ord till skillnad från årskurs 1 där det används mer formella ord. Resultatet visar att lärare i för- skoleklass förbereder subtraktionsstrategin stegvisa beräkningar och i årskurs 1 tränas strategierna stegvisa beräkningar samt talsortsvisa beräkningar.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 53
Keywords [en]
Subtraction, teaching methods, subtraction strategies, mathematics, preschool class
Keywords [sv]
Subtraktion, undervisningsmetoder, subtraktionsstrategier, matematik, förskoleklass
National Category
Computational Mathematics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-73415OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-73415DiVA, id: diva2:1335097
Subject / course
Teacher Education - Mathematics
Educational program
Teacher education
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-07-05 Created: 2019-07-03 Last updated: 2019-07-05Bibliographically approved

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