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Specialpedagogiska rollen och dess effekter på elev- och pedagogisk prestation: En enkätstudie med självskattningar från 132 pedagoger i en medelstor kommun
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Specialpedagogen antar en professionell roll i den svenska skolan. Rollen är teoretiskt betingad av omgivande medarbetare och bestäms av pedagogiska aktiviteter som specialundervisande-, handledande-, dokumenterande-, skolutvecklande- och hälsofrämjande aktiviteter. Rollteori och empirisk forskning visar att roller påverkar prestationer. I skolan är elevprestationer och pedagogiska prestationer centrala för att förstå den miljö som specialpedagoger verkar i. Den här uppsatsen har utifrån tidigare studier skapat en unik konceptualisering med flervariabelsmått som mäter roller definierade efter specialpedagogiska aktiviteter och även flervariabelsmått på prestationer. För att följa upp konceptualiseringen gjordes en pilotstudie och enkäten reviderades. Enkätens giltighet testades sedan på 132 pedagoger i en medelstor kommun där samtliga yrkesgrupper som omger en specialpedagog ingick. Resultaten visar att specialpedagogens roll är unik och uppfyller olika syften beroende på vilken prestation rollen riktas emot. Vi ser till exempel att specialpedagogiska aktiviteter som specialundervisning, handledning och skolutveckling är viktiga för elevens prestation. Vi ser att dokumentation, skolutveckling och elevhälsofrämjande aktiviteter har en statistiskt signifikant påverkan på den pedagogiska prestationen. Eftersom konceptualiseringen är en första mätning som visar hur konkreta praktiska specialpedagogiska professionella aktiviteter påverkar prestation tror vi att studien inte bara kan inspirera fortsatt forskning inom området utan även kunna användas för skolutveckling som stöder arbetsbeskrivningar och organisation av det pedagogiska arbetet.

Abstract [en]

Special educators needs coordinator enter a professional role in Swedish schools, which is theoretically conditioned by other colleagues and which is determined by educational activities such as teaching, supervision, documentation, school development and health promoting activities. Role theory and empirical research show that roles affect performance in various ways. At school, student performance and pedagogical performance are key performance measures to understand the environment in which special educators operate. Based on previous studies, this thesis proposes a unique conceptualization with multivariate measures that target roles defined by pedagogical activities and multivariate measures of performance. To follow up the conceptualization, a pilot study was conducted, and the questionnaire was revised. The applicability of the questionnaire was finally tested on 132 educators in a medium-sized municipality where all occupational groups surrounding a special educator were included. The results show that the role of the special educator is unique and fulfills different purposes depending on what performance the role is directed at. For example, we see that special educational roles such as teaching, supervision and school development are important for the student's performance. Furthermore, we see that documentation, school development and student health promotion activities have a statistically significant impact on the pedagogical performance. Since this is a first attempt to uniquely conceptualize how concrete practical pedagogical professional activities affect performance, we believe that the study can not only inspire continued research in the field, but also supports job descriptions and organization of the pedagogical work pursued by leaders of a school.

 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 43
Keywords [sv]
Roll, medarbetare, prestation
National Category
Educational Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-75208OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-75208DiVA, id: diva2:1335081
Subject / course
Student thesis, at least 15 credits
Educational program
Special Education Needs
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-08-05 Created: 2019-07-03 Last updated: 2019-08-05Bibliographically approved

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Pesämaa, Susanne BjörkskogVennberg, Maud
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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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