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Analysis of Macroeconomic Variables Affecting International Tourism Consumption in Sweden
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mathematics (Dept.), Mathematical Statistics.
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mathematics (Dept.), Mathematical Statistics.
2019 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Analys av Makroekomomiska Variabler som Påverkar Internationell Turismkonsumption i Sverige (Swedish)
Abstract [en]

There is an evident trend of growing tourism in the world. Tourism in Sweden is gaining more economic and social attention. The main purpose of this thesis is to discover what macroeconomic variables contribute to the annual international tourism income in Sweden. A multiple linear regression approach over a time period of 1978-2017 is used for the analysis.

The final results show that GDP is the major macroeconomic factor that drives the annual international tourism income in Sweden across all time periods. NOK-SEK exchange rate seem to another relevant variable in the long term from 1978-2017, but not in shorter periods of time. USD-SEK exchange rate and unemployment rate hold no significant relevance to the international tourism consumption in Sweden for all time. The devaluation of Swedish krona in 1992 did not change the relationship between these variables and the response variable. However, these results can be unstable due to the limited number of observations used in the analysis, and therefore, we recommend other regression approaches, such as panel data regression, for this subject.There is an evident trend of growing tourism in the world. Tourism in Sweden is gaining more economic and social attention. The main purpose of this thesis is to discover what macroeconomic variables contribute to the annual international tourism income in Sweden. A multiple linear regression approach over a time period of 1978-2017 is used for the analysis.

The final results show that GDP is the major macroeconomic factor that drives the annual international tourism income in Sweden across all time periods. NOK-SEK exchange rate seem to another relevant variable in the long term from 1978-2017, but not in shorter periods of time. USD-SEK exchange rate and unemployment rate hold no significant relevance to the international tourism consumption in Sweden for all time. The devaluation of Swedish krona in 1992 did not change the relationship between these variables and the response variable. However, these results can be unstable due to the limited number of observations used in the analysis, and therefore, we recommend other regression approaches, such as panel data regression, for this subject.

Abstract [sv]

Det finns en märkbar trend av växande turism världen över. Turismen in i Sverige får allt mer ekonomisk och social uppmärksamhet. Syftet med detta arbete är att finna vilka makroekonomiska variabler som bidrar till de årliga intäkterna av internationell turism i Sverige. För analysen används multipel linjär regression över tidsperioden 1978-2017.

Det slutgiltiga resultatet visar att BNP är den dominanta makroekonomiska faktorn som är drivande i de årliga intäkterna av internationell turism i Sverige, detta oavsett tidsperiod. Valutakursen NOK/SEK verkar vara signifikant i det långa loppet, från 1978-2017, men inte under de kortare tidsperioderna. Valutakursen USD/SEK och arbetslösheten är båda icke signifikanta variabler för internationell turism konsumtion i Sverige över alla tidsperioder. Devalveringen av den svenska kronan år 1992, förändrade inte relationen mellan de sistnämnda variablerna och y -variabeln. Dock kan dessa resultat vara ostabila på grund av de begränsade antalet observationer som använts i analysen och därför rekommenderar vi andra regressions modeller till detta ämne, såsom "panel data regression".

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019.
Series
TRITA-SCI-GRU ; 2019:159
Keywords [en]
Multiple Linear Regression, Tourism, Macroeconomics, Sweden
Keywords [sv]
Multipel Linjär Regression, Turism. Makroekonomi, Sverige
National Category
Probability Theory and Statistics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-254280OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-254280DiVA, id: diva2:1334632
Subject / course
Applied Mathematics and Industrial Economics
Educational program
Master of Science in Engineering - Industrial Engineering and Management
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-07-03 Created: 2019-07-03 Last updated: 2019-07-03Bibliographically approved

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