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Peripheral Nerve Regeneration Is Independent From Schwann Cell p75(NTR) Expression
Aarhus Univ, Denmark; Aarhus Univ Hosp, Denmark.
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Divison of Neurobiology. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1342-369X
Univ Turin, Italy.
Aarhus Univ, Denmark.
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2019 (English)In: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience, ISSN 1662-5102, E-ISSN 1662-5102, Vol. 13, article id 235Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Schwann cell reprogramming and differentiation are crucial prerequisites for neuronal regeneration and re-myelination to occur following injury to peripheral nerves. The neurotrophin receptor p75(NTR) has been identified as a positive modulator for Schwann cell myelination during development and implicated in promoting nerve regeneration after injury. However, most studies base this conclusion on results obtained from complete p75(NTR) knockout mouse models and cannot dissect the specific role of p75(NTR) expressed by Schwann cells. In this present study, a conditional knockout model selectively deleting p75(NTR) expression in Schwann cells was generated, where p75(NTR) expression is replaced with that of an mCherry reporter. Silencing of Schwann cell p75(NTR) expression was confirmed in the sciatic nerve in vivo and in vitro, without altering axonal expression of p75(NTR). No difference in sciatic nerve myelination during development or following sciatic nerve crush injury was observed, as determined by quantification of both myelinated and unmyelinated nerve fiber densities, myelinated axonal diameter and myelin thickness. However, the absence of Schwann cell p75(NTR) reduced motor nerve conduction velocity after crush injury. Our data indicate that the absence of Schwann cell p75(NTR) expression in vivo is not critical for axonal regrowth or remyelination following sciatic nerve crush injury, but does play a key role in functional recovery. Overall, this represents the first step in redefining the role of p75(NTR) in the peripheral nervous system, suggesting that the Schwann cell-axon unit functions as a syncytium, with the previous published involvement of p75(NTR) in remyelination most likely depending on axonal/neuronal p75(NTR) and/or mutual glial-axonal interactions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
FRONTIERS MEDIA SA , 2019. Vol. 13, article id 235
Keywords [en]
Schwann cells; p75(NTR); myelination; regeneration; nerve injury
National Category
Neurosciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-158326DOI: 10.3389/fncel.2019.00235ISI: 000469460600001PubMedID: 31191256OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-158326DiVA, id: diva2:1333874
Note

Funding Agencies|Aarhus University Research Foundation [AUFF-E-2015-FLS-8-4]; Novo Nordisk Foundation [NNF14OC0011633]; Dagmar Marshals Fund; Australian National Health and Medical Research Council [APP1058647]

Available from: 2019-07-02 Created: 2019-07-02 Last updated: 2019-11-06

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