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Effect of Ti-Al cathode grain size on plasma generation and thin film synthesis from a direct current vacuum arc plasma source
Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Thin Film Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Thin Film Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
PLANSEE Composite Mat GmbH, Germany.
PLANSEE Composite Mat GmbH, Germany.
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2019 (English)In: AIP Advances, ISSN 2158-3226, E-ISSN 2158-3226, Vol. 9, no 4, article id 045008Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Herein, we investigate the influence of powder metallurgical manufactured Ti0.5Al0.5 cathode grain size (45-150 mu m) on the properties of a DC arc discharge, for N-2 pressures in the range 10(-5) Torr (base pressure) up to 3x10(-2) Torr. Intermetallic TiAl cathodes are also studied. The arc plasma is characterized with respect to ion composition, ion charge state, and ion energy, and is found to change with pressure, independent on choice of cathode. Scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, and Energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy of the cathode surfaces and the concurrently deposited films are used for exploring the correlation between cathode-, plasma-, and film composition. The plasma has a dominating Al ion content at elevated pressures, while the film composition is consistent with the cathode composition, independent on cathode grain size. Cross-sections of the used cathodes are studied, and presence of a converted layer, up to 10 mu m, is shown, with an improved intermixing of the elements on the cathode surface. This layer is primarily explained by condensation of cathode material from the melting and splashes accompanying the arc spot movement, as well as generated plasma ions being redeposited upon returning to the cathode. The overall lack of dependence on grain size is likely due to similar physical properties of Ti, Al and TiAl grains, as well as the formation of a converted layer. The presented findings are of importance for large scale manufacturing and usage of Ti-Al cathodes in industrial processes. (C) 2019 Author(s).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
AMER INST PHYSICS , 2019. Vol. 9, no 4, article id 045008
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Condensed Matter Physics
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URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-158376DOI: 10.1063/1.5092864ISI: 000466614700010OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-158376DiVA, id: diva2:1333824
Note

Funding Agencies|Swedish Research Council [642-2013-8020]; Knut and Alice Wallenbergs Foundation [KAW 2015.0043]; Swedish Government Strategic Research Area in Materials Science on Functional Materials at Linkoping University (Faculty Grant SFO-Mat-LiU) [2009 00971]

Available from: 2019-07-02 Created: 2019-07-02 Last updated: 2019-11-05

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