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Hydro Geopolitics of the Tigrisand Euphrates: Hydro Geopolitics of the Tigrisand Euphrates
LuleƄ University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Mining and Geotechnical Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6790-2653
2019 (English)In: Recent Researches in Earth and Environmental Sciences: Recent Researches in Earth and Environmental Sciences / [ed] Yaseen T. Mustafa,, Switzerland: Springer, 2019, 1, p. 35-70Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Rivers Euphrates and Tigris are in southwest Asia. The main utilizers of

the water of these rivers and tributaries are Turkey, Syria, Iran and Iraq. These rivers

rise in Turkey, which makes it the riparian hegemon. Some of the tributaries of the

Tigris and Shat Al-Arab Rivers rise in Iran, which makes it the riparian hegemon

for these rivers. The lower countries in the catchments are Iraq and Syria and for

this reason, they always to ensure the quantity of water required to satisfy their

requirements. All these countries are in the Middle East (ME), which characterized

by its shortage of water resources. Since the 1970s conflict between riparian counties

were noticed due to shortage of available water required, high population growth rate

and food security, energy requirements, economic and technological developments

and political fragmentation. In addition, there is no public awareness program in all

riparian countries and the water management practices are so old leading to high rate

of losses. This caused tensions, which sometimes escalated to the verge of war. A

mediator is required that is capable to bring all countries concerned to the negotiation

table. Syria and Iraq are to give Turkey and Iran some incentives to cooperate.

Furthermore, strategic plan based on comprehensive resources development to ensure

good water management, minimum water loses, and waste must be adopted by the

countries within the basins. This due to the fact that modeling studies of the future

suggest that water shortage problem will intensify.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Switzerland: Springer, 2019, 1. p. 35-70
Series
Springer Proceedings in Earth and Environmental Sciences
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Research subject
Water Resources Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-75189OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-75189DiVA, id: diva2:1333802
Available from: 2019-07-01 Created: 2019-07-01 Last updated: 2019-07-25

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https://link.springer.com/book/10.1007/978-3-030-18641-8

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