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"Kroppen är som en blomma...den vissnar ju": En kvalitativ studie om vad som motiverar seniorer till att vara fysiskt aktiva ur ett self- determination theory perspektiv.
Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science.
Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
“The body is like a flower...it withers” : A qualitative study about what motivates seniors to engage in physical activity from a self- determination perspective. (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Regelbunden fysisk aktivitet är en resurs för hälsa och kan minska riskerna för flertalet ohälsotillstånd som orsakas av åldrande och fysisk inaktivitet. En stor del av seniorerna i samhället når inte upp till de dagliga direktiven för fysisk aktivitet. Syfte: Syftet var att undersöka inre och yttre motivationskrafter för motion hos seniorer 60 år och äldre utifrån self-determination theory (SDT). Metod: En kvalitativ studie med semistrukturerade intervjuer genomfördes och involverade 11 deltagare som deltar i en gruppbaserad cirkelträning en gång i veckan. Resultat: Resultatet visar att vad som motiverar seniorerna till att motionera är en blandning av både inre och yttre motivationskrafter. Den inre motivationen visar sig som välbefinnande, glädje och social gemenskap. Den yttre motivationen innefattas av viljan att hålla sig frisk, behålla sin rörlighet samt motionsformens tillgänglighet och kostnad. Konklusion: Ur ett folkhälsoperspektiv kan denna studie vara behjälplig vid utformning av interventioner som främjar den seniora populationens fysiska, psykiska och sociala hälsa. 

Abstract [en]

Background: Regular physical activity is a resource for health and can reduce the risk of several conditions caused by ageing and physical inactivity. A large part of the seniors in the community do not live up to the daily physical activity directions. Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate internal and external motivational forces regarding seniors ́, over 60 years of age, engagement in physical exercise from self-determination theory (SDT). Method: The study adopted a qualitative approach, including 11 individual semi structured interviews. The participants attended a group based physical exercise program once a week. Results: The result showed that seniors ́ motivation for physical exercise was a mix between both internal and external motivational forces. The internal motivation manifests as wellbeing, enjoyment and social inclusion. The external motivation includes the voilition to stay well, to retain the mobility and also the accessibility and costs regarding the physical activity. Conclusion: From a public health perspective the study can provide useful information when developing interventions promoting seniors ́ physical, pshycological and social health. 

 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019.
Keywords [en]
Elderly, exercise, motivation, physical activity, self-determination theory, seniors
Keywords [sv]
Fysisk aktivitet, motion, motivation, self-determination theory, seniorer, äldre
National Category
Other Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-19596OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-19596DiVA, id: diva2:1333393
Educational program
Study Programme in Health Promotion and Education
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-07-05 Created: 2019-07-01 Last updated: 2019-07-05Bibliographically approved

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