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Fjärrkyla i Sundsvall: Optimering av framledningskurva för akviferbaserad fjärrkyla
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Chemical Engineering.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

På uppdrag av Sundsvall Energi AB har FVB Sverige AB påbörjat en förstudie kring etableringen av fjärrkyla i Sundsvall. Produktionsmedlen i det planerade nätet kommer att innefatta frikyla från akviferen och en kompressordriven kylmaskin. Det övergripande syftet med projektet har dels varit att ta fram en optimal framledningskurva, samt att ta reda på i vilken utsträckning frikylan kan nyttjas innan kylmaskinen måste användas som spetsproduktionsmedel. Projektet har inledningsvis fokuserat på att undersöka hur klimatet och kylbehovet ser uti Sundsvall. Kylbehovet granskades utifrån sex befintliga byggnader som nyttjar dricksvattenkyld fjärrkyla i Sundsvall. Därefter undersöktes olika typer av klimatsystem för att utröna vad de har för krav på framledningstemperaturen. Det konstaterades att kylbatterier var den komponent som kräver lägst framledningstemperatur, varför kyleffektberäkningar utfördes på dem. Resultatet ur kylbatteriberäkningarna fick motsvara den av fjärrkylenätet avgivna kyleffekten vid varierande utomhustemperatur. Genom att väga den avgivna kyleffekten vid varierande framledningstemperatur mot det erforderliga kyleffektbehovet vid varierande utomhustemperatur kunde framledningskurvan ta form. Akviferen antas hålla en temperatur på omkring 7°C till 9°C året runt, men utgångspunkten i detta projekt har varit att den konstant är 9°C. Under de förutsättningarna har framledningstemperaturen kunnat bestämmas till att vara 11°C under större delen av året, men att den sänks vid en utomhustemperatur på omkring 21°C i varierande grad ned till 6°C vid utomhustemperaturen 25°C. Med hjälp av framledningskurvan kunde därefter frikylans täckningsgrad bedömas. Resultatet visar att om framledningens temperatur höjs med 0,5–1,0°C i distributionsnätet kommer kylmaskinen att behöva vara i drift under 159 timmar per år. Om istället uppvärmningen blir 1,5° eller 2,0°C kommer kylmaskinen behöva vara i drift under 233 timmar respektive 325 timmar. Sammantaget har samtliga av projektets konkreta och verifierbara mål besvarats.

Abstract [en]

On behalf of Sundsvall Energi AB, FVB Sverige AB has initiated a preliminary study on the establishment of a district cooling system in Sundsvall. The main source for the cooling will be cool water drawn from the aquifer and a compressor chiller. The main purpose of this project has both been to provide the optimal supply temperature of the cooling network at different outdoor temperatures, and to find out to what extent the cool water from the aquifer can be used by itself as the cooling source. The project was initially focused on examining the climate and cooling demand in Sundsvall. The cooling demand was examined on the basis of six existing buildings that uses freshwater district cooling, and different types of climatesystems were then examined to ascertain what their requirements for the supply temperature are. Cooling coil batteries were found to be the component that requires the lowest supply temperature; therefore, the cooling power calculations were relied on them. The outcome of the cooling coil battery calculations was presumed to correspond to the cooling power of the network itself. By comparing the cooling power of the coil batteries at different supply temperatures and the cooling demand at different outdoor temperatures the main supply temperature for the district cooling network took shape. The aquifer is expected to maintain a temperature of approximately 7°C to 9°C, but in this project the temperature is set to exactly 9°C. On those premises the supply temperature of the cooling network could be set to 11°C for most of the year, but with a reduction of the supply temperature at outdoor temperatures around 21°C. Subsequently the supply temperature is reduced to 6°C at the outdoor temperature 25°C. Via the supply temperature curve, the aquifer cooling coverage ratio could be assessed. The result shows that if the supply temperature is raised between 0,5°C and 1,0°C in the distribution network the compressor chiller will have to be in operation for 159 hours per year. If instead the supply temperature is raised 1,5°C or 2,0°C, the compressor chiller must be in operation for 233 hours and 325 hours, respectively. In summary, all the goals and targets of the project have been completed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 70
Keywords [en]
district cooling, aquifer, supply temperature, supply temperature curve, cooling coil battery, cooling demand
Keywords [sv]
fjärrkyla, akvifer, framledningstemperatur, framledningskurva, kylbatteri, kylbehov
National Category
Energy Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-36587Local ID: ER-V19-G3-015OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-36587DiVA, id: diva2:1333369
Subject / course
Energy Technology EN2
Educational program
Energy Engineering TENIG 180 higher education credits
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-07-01 Created: 2019-07-01 Last updated: 2019-07-01Bibliographically approved

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