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Hur mindre kommuner kan arbeta med resursutmaningar inom samhällsplaneringen: En studie om kommuner med lägre befolkningsunderlag och deras upplevda resursutmaningar samt hur de kan hanteras
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
How smaller municipalities can handle challenges of resources within municipal planning : A study about municipalities with smaller population bases and their perceived challenges of resources and how they can be managed (English)
Abstract [sv]

Sverige har sedan en tid sett en stark urbanisering som lett till en avfolkning av landsbygden och att det urbana ses som det ideala. Resultatet av detta blir att mindre kommuner i Sverige kan uppleva svårigheter att utföra vardaglig kommunal verksamhet. Denna studie ämnar därför utforska hur mindre kommuner hanterar resursutmaningar inom sin fysiska planering. Syftet är att undersöka om dessa kommuner upplever att de har resursutmaningar och i så fall vilka tillsammans med vad som kan ligga bakom dem. Dessutom undersöks olika strategier som olika kommuner använder sig av för att hantera dessa samt hur de kan anammas av andra kommuner. Studiens resultat baseras på en enkätundersökning bland landets mindre kommuner och ytterligare fördjupande intervjuer. Det visar tydligt att en majoritet av mindre kommuner upplever sig ha resursutmaningar inom fysisk planering. Dessa utmaningar verkar främst ligga inom kompetensförsörjning, personalstyrka och ekonomi där det pekar mot att grunden till dessa ligger i svårighet att rekrytera och locka personal till mindre kommuner men också ett minskat skatteunderlag. De främsta strategierna som diskuteras i studien för att tackla dessa är kommunala samarbeten, externa kontor och konsultanvändning. Dessa strategier har sina för- och nackdelar och måste anpassas efter vardera kommuns förutsättningar. Även om anammandet av dessa strategier kan hjälpa den enskilda kommunen löser det inte den strukturella problematiken i sin helhet. Dagens situation för mindre kommuner är inte hållbar då de ofta glöms bort i samhällsdebatten. För att alla landets kommuner ska få likvärdiga förutsättningar att utvecklas måste alla kommuner vara i fokus, inte enbart de större.

Abstract [en]

Sweden has for a time experienced a strong urbanization which has led to a depopulation of several municipalities and where the urban is seen as the ideal. The result of this is that smaller municipalities in Sweden might experience difficulties fulfilling their municipal services. This study therefore intends to explore how smaller municipalities handles their challenges concerning resources within their physical planning. The aim is to examine if these municipalities experience challenges of resources and if so, what challenges they have together with possible underlying causes. Furthermore, different strategies used by some municipalities to cope with their challenges are investigated as well as how they can be adapted by other municipalities. The study results are based on a survey among Sweden’s smaller municipalities together with additional in-depth interviews. They clearly show that a majority of the smaller municipalities express that they experience resource challenges within their physical planning. These challenges mainly seem to lie within competence, workforce and economy where the reason behind this seems to be difficulties when recruiting and to attract employees to smaller municipalities as well as a reduced tax base. The main strategies discussed in the study to tackle these challenges are municipal co-operations, external offices and the use of consultants. These strategies have their advantages and disadvantages and have to be adjusted to each municipality according to their respective preconditions. Even though the adaptation of these strategies could help the individual municipality, it does not solve the overall structural problematics. The current situation for smaller municipalities is not sustainable due to them often being forgotten in the societal debate. In order for all of the country's municipalities to have equal conditions to evolve, all municipalities must be focused on, not only the larger ones.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019.
Series
TRITA-ABE-MBT ; 19483
Keywords [sv]
urbanisering, resurshantering, samhällsplanering, fysisk planering, kommunala samarbeten, mindre kommuner
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-254465OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-254465DiVA, id: diva2:1333309
Subject / course
Urban and Regional Planning
Educational program
Master of Science in Engineering - Urban Management
Presentation
2019-06-05, 00:00 (Swedish)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-07-05 Created: 2019-07-01 Last updated: 2019-07-05Bibliographically approved

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