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"De jagar egentligen alla hål i sin kropp och själ": Att avhålla sig från våldsbejakande islamistisk extremism - ett kvalitativt perspektiv
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Criminology.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Criminology.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
They are searching for the holes in their bodies and souls : Desistance from violent Islamic extremism, a qualitative approach. (English)
Abstract [en]

Title: They are searching for the holes in their bodies and souls – desistance from violent Islamic extremism, a qualitative approach.   This essay aims to provide a deeper understanding and insight into why individuals choose to leave violence-promoting Islamist environments. The choice of method has been qualitative. The essay consists of four semi-structured interviews with key informants. The interview material has been transcribed and coded individually by both authors. The study has taken an integrated theoretical approach where the main framework consists of a life course perspective supported by Hirschi’s theory of social bonds, Merton’s theory of strain and Sutherland’s theory of differential associations. The main findings show that possible turning points with regards to desistance related to violence-promoting Islamist environments primarily consists of aspects related to belonging and social contexts. In other words, this essay shows that social relations are an integral part with regards to desistance. The findings closely correspond to those of previous studies within the field. The findings are supported by the study’s theoretical framework where pro-social community interactions strengthen the social bonds to society through differential associations, this in turn leads to a decreased amount of strain.   

Abstract [sv]

Uppsatsen syftar till att ge en djupare förståelse och insikt till varför individer väljer att avhålla sig från våldsbejakande islamistiska miljöer. Valet av metod har varit kvalitativt. Uppsatsens teoretiska utgångspunkt utgörs av ett integrerat perspektiv innehållande Life Course Theory, Mertons teori om Strain, Hirschis sociala band och Sutherlands differentiella associationer. Uppsatsens underlag består av fyra semistrukturerade intervjuer med nyckelinformanter. Intervjumaterialet har transkriberats och kodats individuellt av båda författarna. Resultaten visar att vändpunkter i förhållande till utträden från våldsbejakande islamistiska extremistiska grupperingar i huvudsak utgörs av aspekter relaterade till tillhörighet, sammanhang och disillusionment. Resultaten korresponderar väl till tidigare forskning inom området och kan förklaras utifrån uppsatsens teoretiska ramverk, där en pro-social gemenskap skapar sociala band genom differentiella associationer - resultaten därav blir minskade upplevelser av strain.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 42
Keywords [en]
desistance, radicalization, deradicalization, life course theory, disillusionmen
Keywords [sv]
avhållsamhet, radikalisering, avradikalisering, livsloppsteori, disillusionment
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-30344OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-30344DiVA, id: diva2:1332952
Subject / course
Criminology
Educational program
Study Program in Applied Criminology
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-07-02 Created: 2019-06-28 Last updated: 2019-07-02Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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