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Genomic diversity, lifestyles and evolutionary origins of DPANN archaea
Royal Netherlands Inst Sea Res, Dept Marine Microbiol & Biogeochem, NIOZ, POB 59,Landsdiep 4, NL-1790 AB Den Burg, Netherlands;Univ Utrecht, POB 59,Landsdiep 4, NL-1790 AB Den Burg, Netherlands;Univ Texas Austin, Marine Sci Inst, Dept Marine Sci, 750 Channel View Dr, Port Aransas, TX 78373 USA.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, Molecular Evolution. Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6331-3472
Univ Bristol, Sch Biol Sci, Life Sci Bldg,24 Tyndall Ave, Bristol BS8 1TQ, Avon, England.
Royal Netherlands Inst Sea Res, Dept Marine Microbiol & Biogeochem, NIOZ, POB 59,Landsdiep 4, NL-1790 AB Den Burg, Netherlands;Univ Utrecht, POB 59,Landsdiep 4, NL-1790 AB Den Burg, Netherlands.
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2019 (English)In: FEMS Microbiology Letters, ISSN 0378-1097, E-ISSN 1574-6968, Vol. 366, no 2, article id fnz008Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Archaea-a primary domain of life besides Bacteriahave for a long time been regarded as peculiar organisms that play marginal roles in biogeochemical cycles. However, this picture changed with the discovery of a large diversity of archaea in non-extreme environments enabled by the use of cultivation-independent methods. These approaches have allowed the reconstruction of genomes of uncultivated microorganisms and revealed that archaea are diverse and broadly distributed in the biosphere and seemingly include a large diversity of putative symbiotic organisms, most of which belong to the tentative archaeal superphylum referred to as DPANN. This archaeal group encompasses at least 10 different lineages and includes organisms with extremely small cell and genome sizes and limited metabolic capabilities. Therefore, many members of DPANN may be obligately dependent on symbiotic interactions with other organisms and may even include novel parasites. In this contribution, we review the current knowledge of the gene repertoires and lifestyles of members of this group and discuss their placement in the tree of life, which is the basis for our understanding of the deep microbial roots and the role of symbiosis in the evolution of life on Earth.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. Vol. 366, no 2, article id fnz008
Keywords [en]
DPANN, archaea, evolution, symbiosis, genomics, metabolism
National Category
Microbiology Evolutionary Biology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-387995DOI: 10.1093/femsle/fnz008ISI: 000469762100012PubMedID: 30629179OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-387995DiVA, id: diva2:1332004
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2016-03559Available from: 2019-06-27 Created: 2019-06-27 Last updated: 2019-06-27Bibliographically approved

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