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The Link between different kinds of Knowledge about Mental Illness and their Stigma
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
2019 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this study was to examine if people's knowledge about mental illness is related to their stigma against mental illness. We examined four types of knowledge a) knowledge treatment, b) knowledge of non-traditional diagnoses, c) knowledge of traditional , diagnoses, and d) personal knowledge of people with mental illness (called associations). Based on prior research, we hypothesized that the relation between high knowledge about mental health problems and treatment effectiveness would be curvilinearly related to stigma - with the higher and lower levels associated with more stigmatic cognitions, but moderate levels associated with holding fewer stigma. We also hypothesized that knowing others would be negatively related to stigma. We collected self-report survey data from 256 participants, using convenience sampling via social media forms. The results revealed that people's ability to identify traditional forms mental illness diagnoses was related to their stigmatic cognitions. In terms of associations the result revealed two subsets, including the groups we expected, but revealing more complexity. The results point to several issues that need to be addressed by future research.

Abstract [sv]

Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka om människors kunskap om psykiska sjukdomar är relaterat till deras stigma mot psykisk sjukdom. Vi undersökte fyra typer av kunskaper a) kunskap om behandling, b) kunskap om icke-traditionella diagnoser, c) kunskap om traditionella diagnoser, c), och d) personlig kunskap om personer med psykisk sjukdom (kallade associationer). Baserat på tidigare forskning hypotiserade vi att förhållandet mellan hög kunskap om psykiska problem och behandlingseffektivitet skulle vara kurvlinjärt relaterad till stigma - med högre och lägre nivåer associerat med mer stigmatiserande kognitioner men måttliga nivåer associerade med mindre stigma. Vi hypotiserade också att känna andra skulle vara negativt relaterat till stigma. Vi samlade självrapporterings data från 256 deltagare, med hjälp av bekvämlighetsurval via sociala medier. Resultaten visade att människors förmåga att identifiera psykiska sjukdomsdiagnoser var signifikanta för deras stigmatiska kognitioner. Vidare visade resultatet i samband med associationer två delgrupper. De lägsta nivåerna av stigmatiska kognitioner hittades i den förväntade gruppen, men det fanns andra grupper som inte var signifikant olika.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 49
Keywords [en]
association, attitude, knowledge, mental illness, stigma
Keywords [sv]
associationer, attityd, kunskap, psykisk ohälsa, stigma.
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-74834OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-74834DiVA, id: diva2:1331997
Subject / course
Psykologi
Examiners
Available from: 2019-06-28 Created: 2019-06-27 Last updated: 2019-06-28Bibliographically approved

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