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Studenters stress och välbefinnande relaterat till arbete och kön
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Students’ Stress and Well-being Related to Work and Gender (English)
Abstract [sv]

Unga vuxnas upplevda psykiska välbefinnande och stress blir allt sämre. Forskning har visat att stress är den mest förekommande faktorn som påverkar välbefinnande, och att kvinnor drabbas mer av stress i jämförelse med män. Studerande och arbetande behandlas ofta som separata grupper, när det i själva verket finns många som kombinerar studier och arbete. Det kan tänkas att arbetande studenter är utsatta för fler stressorer som i sin tur inverkar på deras välbefinnande, då det krävs en förmåga att balansera vardagen annorlunda än om man endast arbetar eller studerar. Utifrån detta tog vi fram våra forskningsfrågor, där vi undrade om det finns skillnader gällande kön och ekonomisk tillfredställelse mellan studenter som arbetar och studenter som inte arbetar, relaterat till stress och välbefinnande samt om det finns ett samband mellan stress och välbefinnande relaterat till kön. För att besvara frågorna utförde vi en studie med Perceived Stress Scale 14 och General Health Questionnaire 12, med 297 kvinnliga och manliga studenter på eftergymnasial nivå mellan 19–29 år, som enbart studerade eller var arbetande studenter. Data samlades in via en enkät online på Facebook samt när vi stod på ett universitet. Resultatet visade att enbart studerande, främst kvinnor, upplevde mer nedsatt välbefinnande än arbetande studenter. Ekonomisk tillfredsställelse visade en signifikant negativ korrelation med både stress och välbefinnande. Stress och välbefinnande hade även en signifikant positiv association sinsemellan, samtidigt som de hade en association med kön. Alltså fanns det skillnader relaterat till stress och välbefinnande hos studenter, beroende av kön, arbete och ekonomi.

Abstract [en]

The perceived psychological well-being and stress of young adults are getting worse. Research has shown that stress is the most common factor that affects well-being, and that women are more affected by stress in comparison to men. Students and workers are often treated as separate groups, when there are in fact are many students who combine studies and work. It is conceivable that working students are exposed to more stressors which in turn affect their well-being, as it requires an ability to balance everyday life differently than if one is only working or studying. Based on this, we presented our research questions, where we wondered if there are differences concerning gender and economic satisfaction between students who work and students who does not work, related to stress and well-being and whether there is an association between stress and well-being related to gender. To answer these questions, we conducted a study using Perceived Stress Scale 14 and General Health Questionnaire 12, with 297 female and male post-secondary students aged 19–29, who only studied or were working students. Data was collected through an online survey on Facebook and when we stood at a university. The result showed that those studens who only studied, mainly women, experienced more impaired well-being than working students. Financial satisfaction showed a significant negative correlation with both stress and well-being. Also, stress and well-being had a significant positive association amongst themselves, while having an association with gender. Thus, there were differences related to the stress and well-being of students, depending on gender, work and finances.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 34
Keywords [en]
stress, well-being, students, work, gender
Keywords [sv]
stress, välbefinnande, studenter, arbete, kön
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-74833OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-74833DiVA, id: diva2:1331980
Subject / course
Psykologi
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-06-28 Created: 2019-06-27 Last updated: 2019-06-28Bibliographically approved

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