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Effektiviserad lagerhantering av reservdelar för minskad kapitalbindning
University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Management.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Management.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Spare parts are, for many companies, a complex product to logistically handle. This is in part due to the varying characteristics and sporadic demand patterns of spare parts. Obstacles can often arise when companies utilize the same approach to their spare parts stock as they do with their general warehouse manufacturing inventory. By using the same approach, companies risk neglecting the widespread variation of the spare parts. With the help of established routines, a clear set of guidelines and factors, the chances of a successful handling of spare parts inventory is increased.

The study is a qualitative case study with the purpose of identifying specific factors and to make recommendations of models for companies to take into account when evaluating and storing spare parts. Through unstructured/semi-structured interviews conducted with four case company employees, information was gathered which was used to assist in identifying these specific factors and models for companies. A theoretical frame of reference was produced through analyzing research articles and was compared to the compiled empirical data in an analysis.

The departments within the case study based their work on single factor which were considered important for each specific department, without inter-departmental communication. The factors that were identified in the study include service, competitive advantage, tied up capital, size capacity, complexity, sales frequency and material. Four of these were considered to be a priority for the case company. The study showed that different models for spare parts management and outsourcing could be implemented in the case company. By integrating the different models for spare parts management and outsourcing, combined with communication, a new model has been proposed for handling the spare parts storage.

Abstract [sv]

Reservdelar är för många företag en komplex produkt att hantera utifrån dess varierande egenskaper och sporadiska efterfrågemönster. Problematiken härstammar ofta från att många företag hanterar reservdelslager utifrån samma förutsättningar som dess allmänna lagerhantering, därigenom försummas reservdelarnas olika egenskaper. Förutbestämda riktlinjer och faktorer krävs vid hantering av reservdelar och en viktig komponent för att lyckas med detta är kommunikation.

Arbetet är en kvalitativ fallstudie med syftet att ta fram faktorer och rekommendationer av modeller att ta hänsyn till vid värdering och lagerhantering av reservdelar. För att besvara syftet och frågeställningarna utfördes ostrukturerade/semistrukturerade intervjuer med fyra medarbetare på fallföretaget. En teoretisk referensram togs fram genom litteratursökningar som sedan ställdes i en jämförelse mot den sammanställda empirin i en analys.

Studien visade att de olika avdelningarna på fallföretaget främst utgått från en enda faktor som ansetts vara viktig för den specifika avdelningen. Utifrån de framtagna faktorerna i studien; service, konkurrensfördel, kapitalbindning, fyllnadsgrad, komplexitet, försäljningsfrekvens och material, ansågs fyra av dessa vara av prioritet för fallföretaget. Studien visade att olika modeller för reservdelshantering och outsourcing skulle kunna implementeras på fallföretaget. Genom att integrera de olika modellerna för reservdelshantering och outsourcing, kombinerat med kommunikation, har en ny modell föreslagits för hantering av reservdelslager.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 68
Keywords [en]
Spare part, inventory, inventory management, tied up capital, economic order quantity
Keywords [sv]
Reservdel, lager, lagerhantering, kapitalbindning, ekonomisk orderkvantitet
National Category
General Literature Studies
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-30295OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-30295DiVA, id: diva2:1331715
External cooperation
Cibes Lift Group AB
Subject / course
Industrial engineering and management
Educational program
Högskoleingenjör
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-06-27 Created: 2019-06-27 Last updated: 2019-06-27Bibliographically approved

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