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Mapping combined wildfire and heat stress hazards to improve evidence-based decision making
European Ctr Medium Range Weather Forecasts, Reading RG2 9AX, Berks, England.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4252-1176
European Ctr Medium Range Weather Forecasts, Reading RG2 9AX, Berks, England;Univ Reading, Dept Geog & Environm Sci, Reading, Berks, England.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4901-3641
European Ctr Medium Range Weather Forecasts, Reading RG2 9AX, Berks, England.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, LUVAL. Univ Reading, Dept Geog & Environm Sci, Reading, Berks, England;Univ Reading, Dept Meteorol, Reading, Berks, England;CNDS, Ctr Nat Hazards & Disaster Sci, Uppsala, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1472-868x
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2019 (English)In: Environment International, ISSN 0160-4120, E-ISSN 1873-6750, Vol. 127, p. 21-34Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Heat stress and forest fires are often considered highly correlated hazards as extreme temperatures play a key role in both occurrences. This commonality can influence how civil protection and local responders deploy resources on the ground and could lead to an underestimation of potential impacts, as people could be less resilient when exposed to multiple hazards. In this work, we provide a simple methodology to identify areas prone to concurrent hazards, exemplified with, but not limited to, heat stress and fire danger. We use the combined heat and forest fire event that affected Europe in June 2017 to demonstrate that the methodology can be used for analysing past events as well as making predictions, by using reanalysis and medium-range weather forecasts, respectively. We present new spatial layers that map the combined danger and make suggestions on how these could be used in the context of a Multi-Hazard Early Warning System. These products could be particularly valuable in disaster risk reduction and emergency response management, particularly for civil protection, humanitarian agencies and other first responders whose role is to identify priorities during pre-interventions and emergencies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD , 2019. Vol. 127, p. 21-34
Keywords [en]
Wildfire, Multi hazard, Geospatial analysis, Decision making, Fire weather index (FWI), Universal thermal climate index (UTCI)
National Category
Climate Research
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-387938DOI: 10.1016/j.envint.2019.03.008ISI: 000467383500004PubMedID: 30897514OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-387938DiVA, id: diva2:1331638
Funder
EU, Horizon 2020, 700099Available from: 2019-06-27 Created: 2019-06-27 Last updated: 2019-06-27Bibliographically approved

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Vitolo, ClaudiaDi Napoli, ClaudiaCloke, Hannah L.Pappenberger, Florian
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