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Gynnsamma måltidssituationer: För personer med demenssjukdom
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

SAMMANFATTNING

Bakgrund: Tidigare forskning visar att viktminskning är ett problem hos personer med demenssjukdom på särskilt boende och många lider av undernäring. Närstående uttrycker en osäkerhet att hantera personer med demenssjukdom under måltidssituationerna. Denna osäkerhet kunde uttrycka sig under måltidssituationer i hur det skulle stötta personer med demenssjukdom. Personer med demenssjukdom fick ibland en känsla av skam när det tappade förmågor, detta kunde medföra att det nekade hjälp från närstående.  Syfte: Att få en överblick hur vårdpersonalen främjar en gynnsam måltidssituation för personer med demenssjukdom. Metod: En litteraturöversikt genomfördes utifrån tio vårdvetenskapliga studier. Resultat: I resultatet framkommer fyra teman. Första temat fokuserar på miljöns betydelse och hur miljöstimulering kan ha en positiv effekt på personer med demenssjukdom under måltidssituationer. Nästa tema handlar om att vårdpersonalen upprätthåller självständighet och autonomi under måltidssituationer. Tema tre beskriver kulturens betydelse vid servering av traditionell mat. Tema fyra lyfter behovet av kunskapsutbyte och reflektion mellan vårdpersonal. Slutsats: Måltidssituationer gynnas då vårdpersonalen individualiserar hjälpen utifrån personer med demenssjukdoms behov samt att relevant stöttning ges från vårdpersonalen.

Nyckelord: Demens, miljöstimulering, måltid

Abstract [en]

ABSTRACT

Background: Previous research shows that weight loss is a problem in people with dementia on retirement homes and many suffer from malnutrition. Relatives express an uncertainty of dealing with people with dementia during mealtime. This uncertainty could express itself during mealtime in how it would support people with dementia. People with dementia sometimes got a sense of shame when it lost their skills, this could mean that denied help from related persons. Aim: To get an overview of how healthcare professionals promote a favorable mela situation for people with dementia. Method: A general literature review was carried out based on ten health science studies. Result: The result shows four themes. The first theme is about the importance of environment and how the environmental stimulation can have a positive effect on people with dementia during mealtime. The next theme is about that health professionals maintain independence and autonomy during mealtime. Theme three discloses importance of culture showing serving of traditional food. Theme four highlights the need for knowledge exchange and reflection between healthcare professionals. Conclusion: Meal situations are favored when the healthcare individualize the help based on people with dementias needs and that relevant support is provided by healthcare.

Keywords: Dementia, environment stimulation, mealtime

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 33
Keywords [sv]
Demens, miljöstimulering, måltid
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-44634OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-44634DiVA, id: diva2:1331369
Subject / course
Caring Science
Presentation
2019-06-06, R2-302, Högskoleplan 1, 722 20 Västerås, 17:20 (Swedish)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-06-27 Created: 2019-06-26 Last updated: 2019-06-27Bibliographically approved

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