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Patienters erfarenheter av att behandlas med parenteral nutrition i hemmet: En litteraturöversikt ur ett patientperspektiv
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Parenteral nutrition används när patienter inte kan tillgodose sitt dagliga behov av näring och kan leda till malnutrition. Behandling med parenteral nutrition kan både administreras på sjukhus och i hemmet. Problem: Att administreras parenteral nutrition i hemmet kan innebära nya erfarenheter. Genom att få kunskap över patienters erfarenheter avbehandlingen kan dessa hjälpa sjukvårdspersonalen att planera en god personcentrerad vård. Syfte: Att göra en översikt över patienters erfarenheter av att behandlas med parenteralnutrition i hemmet. Metod: En allmän litteraturöversikt med tolv artiklar, sex artiklar med kvalitativ ansats och sex artiklar kvantitativ ansats analyserades. Resultat: I analysen framkom tre teman om patienternas erfarenhet av att behandlas med parenteral nutrition i hemmet. De tre teman som utvecklades var livskvalité och mental påverkan, utmaningar i vardagen och livskraft och sömn. Slutsats: Behandling med parenteral nutrition i hemmet ger ett flertal positiva erfarenheter för patienterna utifrån deras livskvalité samtidigt som det uppstod utmaningar patienterna behövde överträda. Genom information, föra en dialog med patienten och deras anhöriga samt eftersträva flexibilitet utifrån patientens behov och livsmål kan en god personcentrerad vård ges.

Abstract [en]

Background: Parenteral nutrition is used when patients cannot meet their daily nutritionalneeds and can lead to malnutrition. The treatment with parenteral nutrition can beadministered both in hospitals and in the home. Problem: To be administered parenteral nutrition in the home can mean new experiences. By gaining knowledge of patients' experiences of the treatment, these can help the healthcare staff to plan a good personcentered care. Aim: To make an overview of patients' experiences of being treated with parenteral nutrition in the home. Method: A general literature review with twelve articles, six articles with qualitative approach and six articles quantitative approach was analyzed. Result: In the analysis, three themes about the patient's experience emerged that were treated with parenteral nutrition in the home. The three themes that were developed were quality of life and mental impact, everyday life challenges and vitality and sleepConclusions: Treatment with parenteral nutrition in the home provides a number of positive experiences for the patients based on their quality of life while at the same timeposing challenges the patients needed to transgress. By providing information, conducting adialogue with the patient and their relatives, and striving for flexibility based on the patient'sneeds and life goals, a good person-centered care can be provided.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 51
Keywords [en]
Quality of life, Challenges, Experiences, Literature Study, Energi, Sleep, Mental impact
Keywords [sv]
Livskvalité, Utmaningar, Erfarenheter, Litteraturstudie, Livskraft, Sömn, Mental påverkan
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-44640OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-44640DiVA, id: diva2:1331319
Subject / course
Caring Science
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-06-28 Created: 2019-06-26 Last updated: 2019-06-28Bibliographically approved

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