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Barns kunskaper kring parodontala sjukdomar och dess sjukdomsförlopp: En enkätstudie
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Oral health. -.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Oral health. -. (-)
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Children's knowledge about periodontal diseases and its progression. : A questionnaire study (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Gingivit och parodontit benämns som parodontala sjukdomar som främst initieras av bakterier, oftast i form av dentalt plack. Parodontit kan uppstå som följd av en obehandlad gingivit som har progredierat. Sjukdomen förekommer i olika svårighetsgrader, såsom kroniskt och aggressivt tillstånd, och kan förekomma hos barn. Det existerar i dagsläget få forskningsstudier avseende barns kunskaper kring parodontala sjukdomar respektive förekomsten av parodontit hos denna grupp individer. Syftet var att undersöka kunskapen hos en grupp barn 12- till 14-åringar avseende parodontala sjukdomar och dess sjukdomsförlopp. Metod: En kvantitativ tvärsnittsstudie tillämpades med hjälp av en enkätundersökning. Studiens urval omfattade barn i åldrarna mellan 12 till 14 år från Norrköping, Sverige. Insamlat data bearbetades och analyserades i statistikprogrammet SPSS. Resultat: I studien deltog sammanlagt 73 barn. Majoriteten av barnen uppvisade vetskap kring begreppet tandköttsinflammation (67,1 %) samt hur sjukdomen bildas (57,5 %). Det påvisades statistiskt signifikanta skillnader mellan könen gällande gingivit och dess sjukdomsförlopp. Endast ett fåtal (5,5 %) av samtliga barn hade rätt kunskap kring parodontit. Ingen statistisk signifikant skillnad mellan åldersgrupperna respektive könen vad gäller kunskap om parodontit kunde påvisas. Slutsats: Barnen uppvisade kunskaper kring de parodontala sjukdomarna och dess sjukdomsförlopp, dock med en viss variation. Resultatet bör beaktas med försiktighet och vidare forskning kring barns kunskaper om parodontala sjukdomar är nödvändigt i förebyggande syfte.

Abstract [en]

Background: Gingivitis and periodontitis, termed as periodontal diseases, are foremost initiated by bacteria, frequently by the association of dental plaque. The development of periodontitis could most likely be as a result of an untreated gingivitis. Periodontitis appears in different conditions of severity, such as aggressive or chronic, and could occur on young individuals. There are few studies about the occurrence of periodontitis on young individuals and their knowledge of periodontal diseases. The aim was to investigate children’s knowledge on periodontal diseases and its progression. Method: A cross- sectional study and a questionnaire was performed. The sample of this study included children aged between 12 to 14 years old from Norrköping, Sweden. Collected data was analyzed by the statistical programme SPSS. Results: A total of 73 children participated in this study. The majority of children had knowledge about the definition of gingivitis (67,1 %) and how it develops (57,5 %). The results about gingivitis and its progression showed a statistically significant difference between gender. However, there were only a few participants (5,5 %) that had proper knowledge about periodontitis. There was no significant difference between the age-groups and sex in terms of knowledge of the disease. Conclusion: The children had a certain knowledge about the periodontal diseases and its progression, with a certain variation. The results should be considered with some deliberation, further research is needed for preventive measures.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 36
Keywords [sv]
barn, gingivit, kunskap, oral hälsa, parodontit
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-45098ISRN: JU-HHJ-OHA-1-20190062OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-45098DiVA, id: diva2:1330669
Subject / course
HHJ, Oral Health Science
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Examiners
Available from: 2019-06-27 Created: 2019-06-25 Last updated: 2019-06-27Bibliographically approved

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