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Geological factors affecting the channel type of Bjur River in Västerbotten County: A study concerning the connection between surficial geology, landforms, slope and different hydrological process domains in a stream catchment above the highest shoreline
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences.
2019 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Process domains categorizes sections of streams according to its local dominant processes. These processes often reflect on the local ecology and the streams appearance. But the underlying reason why these different process domains are formed are still not completely certain. In this study the distribution of the process domains: lakes, rapids and slow-flowing reaches in the Bjur River catchment were compared to the geological factors of slope, surficial geology and landforms to see if any connections could be found. The possibility of using GIS (geographic information systems) and remote data to distinguish these stream types and to connect them to the different studied geological factors were also examined. The hypothesis for this study is that the geological factors of slope, surficial geology and landforms all should have an influence over the distribution of the process domains in Bjur River. The analysis was executed through map-studies in ArcGIS and statistical analysis in Excel. All process domains showed statistical significance towards the studied geological factors. The slope was generally steeper in the rapids than in slow-flowing reaches and lakes. The surficial geology displayed more fine-grained sediment (peat) in proximity to lakes and slow-flowing reaches whilst till was more abundant close to rapids. Hilly moraine landscapes were most common around lakes, while rapids displayed a high percentage of glacio-fluvially eroded area. Slow-flowing reaches also showed to have around 44% of its studied points around glacio-fluvially eroded area, and 43% at areas without any major landforms. Even if the statistical analysis and figures display a difference between the different process domains, it is still difficult to say which of these geological factors that plays the most crucial role for their development. However, by using remote data and through studies over slope, adjacent surficial geology and landforms the different process domains can be differentiated from one another.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 20
Keywords [en]
Process domains, Channel type, Surficial geology, Slope, Landforms, Above highest shoreline, Northern latitudes
National Category
Other Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-160914OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-160914DiVA, id: diva2:1330650
Educational program
Bachelor of Science in Biology and Earthscience
Available from: 2019-06-26 Created: 2019-06-25 Last updated: 2019-06-26Bibliographically approved

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Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences
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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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