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Sjuksköterskornas val: Hur arbetsgivare förblir attraktiva på en omättad arbetsmarknad
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med studien har varit att ur ett arbetspsykologiskt perspektiv undersöka vilka faktorer som påverkar en sjuksköterskas val av arbetsgivare. De frågeställningar studien ämnar besvara är om det finns samband mellan olika motivationsfaktorer och sjuksköterskors benägenhet att byta arbetsgivare, vilka aspekter av arbetet som anses viktiga samt vilka faktorer som skapar mest upplevd nöjdhet med arbetssituationen. Studien har genomförts med en kvantitativ ansats och 115 deltagare har besvarat en enkät med frågor som har formulerats kring ämnesområdet. Studiens resultat visar att sjuksköterskor anställda inom privat sektor är mer nöjda med sina arbetsgivare och att den största andelen av deltagarna hade valt att byta till en arbetsgivare inom privat sektor. Resultatet visar även att det främst var faktorerna en högre lön och lägre arbetsbelastning som påverkade sjuksköterskorna inom offentlig sektors benägenhet att byta arbetsgivare. För sjuksköterskor inom privat sektor var det faktorerna större gemenskap på arbetsplatsen och mer patientkontakt som främst skulle påverka valet att byta arbetsgivare. Faktorerna att känna sig nöjd med sin lön och arbetstider samt att ha möjligheten att hjälpa andra sågs som de viktigaste aspekterna av arbetet. 

Abstract [en]

The aim of this study is to, from a work psychology perspective, investigate which factors that can affect a nurse’s choice of employer. The study aims to seek out whether a correlation between different factors and nurses desire to change employer can be found, which factors of the workplace that were considered most important and which factors that creates the greatest perceived satisfaction with the work situation. The study has been conducted with a quantitative approach and 115 participants has answered a questionnaire based upon the subject matter. The result of the study shows that nurses working in the private sector are more satisfied with their employer and the greater part of the participants would have chosen to switch to an employer in the private sector. The results also show that is was primarily the factors higher salary and a lower workload that affected the nurses in the public sector tendency to change employer. For the nurses in the private sector, the factors were greater community in the workplace and more patient contact that would primarily affect the choice to change employer. The study states that the most important aspects of the work situation were a satisfying salary, satisfying working hours and to have the opportunity to help others.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 33
Keywords [en]
nurse, work- and organizational psychology, work satisfaction, work motivation, employer
Keywords [sv]
sjuksköterska, arbets- och organisationspsykologi, arbetstillfredsställelse, arbetsmotivation, arbetsgivare
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-75000OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-75000DiVA, id: diva2:1330584
Educational program
Psychology, bachelor's level
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-06-27 Created: 2019-06-25 Last updated: 2019-06-27Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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Output format
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