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Classifying Material Defects with Convolutional Neural Networks and Image Processing
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Systems and Control. 1993.
2019 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Fantastic progress has been made within the field of machine learning and deep neural networks in the last decade. Deep convolutional neural networks (CNN) have been hugely successful in imageclassification and object detection. These networks can automate many processes in the industries and increase efficiency. One of these processes is image classification implementing various CNN-models. This thesis addressed two different approaches for solving the same problem. The first approach implemented two CNN-models to classify images. The large pre-trained VGG-model was retrained using so-called transfer learning and trained only the top layers of the network. The other model was a smaller one with customized layers. The trained models are an end-to-end solution. The input is an image, and the output is a class score. The second strategy implemented several classical image processing algorithms to detect the individual defects existed in the pictures. This method worked as a ruled based object detection algorithm. Canny edge detection algorithm, combined with two mathematical morphology concepts, made the backbone of this strategy. Sandvik Coromant operators gathered approximately 1000 microscopical images used in this thesis. Sandvik Coromant is a leading producer of high-quality metal cutting tools. During the manufacturing process occurs some unwanted defects in the products. These defects are analyzed by taking images with a conventional microscopic of 100 and 1000 zooming capability. The three essential defects investigated in this thesis defined as Por, Macro and Slits. Experiments conducted during this thesis show that CNN-models is a good approach to classify impurities and defects in the metal industry, the potential is high. The validation accuracy reached circa 90 percentage, and the final evaluation accuracy was around 95 percentage , which is an acceptable result. The pretrained VGG-model reached a much higher accuracy than the customized model. The Canny edge detection algorithm combined dilation and erosion and contour detection produced a good result. It detected the majority of the defects existed in the images.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 56
Series
UPTEC F, ISSN 1401-5757 ; 19026
Keywords [en]
artificial neural network, CNN, machine learning, convolutional neural network, image processing
National Category
Information Systems
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-387797OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-387797DiVA, id: diva2:1330515
External cooperation
Sandvik Coromant
Educational program
Master Programme in Engineering Physics
Presentation
2019-06-13, 2003, Ångströmlaboratoriet, Lägerhyddsvägen 1, Uppsala, 17:29 (Swedish)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-06-26 Created: 2019-06-25 Last updated: 2019-06-26Bibliographically approved

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