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An Exploratory Study of Drones Used for Safety Purposes on Outdoor Construction Sites
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.).
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.).
2019 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
En Explorativ Studie på Användandet av Drönare för Säkerhetsskäl på Byggarbetsplatser (Swedish)
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka faktorer som påverkar adoptionen av drönare för säkerhetsskäl på byggarbetsplatser, och att fastställa hur dessa faktorer påverkar adopteringen. Detta bidrar till att teknologiskt modernisera byggbranschen samt fylla en lucka i befintlig litteratur om adoptionen av drönare för säkerhetsskäl. För att undersöka detta genomfördes elva semistrukturerade intervjuer med personer som representerade åtta olika företag av varierande storlek, alla aktiva i byggindustrin. Resultaten indikerar att de primära faktorer som påverkar adopteringen är 1) Kännedom, 2) Organisation, 3) Arbetarna, 4) Genomförbarhet och 5) Extern miljö. Alla dessa faktorer kan påverka adoptionen såväl positivt som negativt. Hur dessa faktorer påverkar adoptionen av drönare har också modellerats i det framtagna ramverket Drone Adoption Model (DAM). Adoptionsprocessen inleds med att Intresset sprids inom företaget. När intresset är etablerat görs en Genomförbarhetsbedömning. Beroende på resultatet från genomförbarhetsbedömning pilottestas tekniken, vilket sedan lägger grunden för Diffusionen. De olika faktorerna påverkar adoptionen i olika faser. Kännedom påverkar primärt adoptionen i Intressefasen. Faktorerna genomförbarhet och organisation påverkar adoptionen primärt i genomförbarhetsbedömningen. Slutligen påverkar faktorerna Arbetarna och Extern miljö genom hela processen.

Abstract [en]

The aim of this study is to explore, understand and elucidate the factors that influence the adoption of drones for safety purposes on outdoor construction sites, as well as to determine how these factors influence adoption. This contributes to the role of modern technologies in the construction industry as well as fill a gap in existing literature of drone adoption for safety purposes. In order to investigate this, eleven semi-structured interviews were conducted with people representing eight different companies of varying size, all active in the construction industry. The results indicate that the major factors influencing adoption are: 1) Awareness, 2) Organization, 3) Workers, 4) Feasibility and 5) External environment. All these factors could influence the adoption both positively and negatively. How the factors influence the adoption has been modelled in the proposed framework Drone Adoption Model (DAM). The adoption process starts with Interest being spread throughout the firm. Once an interest is established, a Feasibility assessment is conducted. Depending on the result from the feasibility assessment, the technology is Pilot tested, which then lays the foundation for the Diffusion. The different factors influence adoption in different phases. Awareness primarily influence adoption in the Interest phase, whereas the factors Feasibility and Organization influence adoption mainly in the Feasibility assessment. Lastly, the two factors external environment and workers influence the adoption throughout the whole process.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 86
Series
Theses in philosophy from the Royal Institute of Technology, ISSN 1650-8831TRITA-ITM-EX ; 2019:206
Keywords [en]
Construction safety, drone adoption, technology adoption frameworks, construction site safety, construction technology adoption models
Keywords [sv]
Byggsäkerhet, drönar adaptering, teknologiska adapteringsramverk, byggarbetsplatssäkerhet, bygg specifika teknologiska adapteringsramverk
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-254288OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-254288DiVA, id: diva2:1330222
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Available from: 2019-11-12 Created: 2019-06-25 Last updated: 2019-11-12Bibliographically approved

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