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Feedback and digitalization: A qualitative study of the feedback methods of Swedish teachers of English at upper secondary school
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
2019 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Återkoppling och digitalisering : En kvalitativ studie av engelskalärares återkopplingsmetoder på gymnasiet (Swedish)
Abstract [en]

The aim of this study was to examine what methods Swedish teachers of English use to give feedback on students’ written production and what factors influence them to choose these methods. An additional aim was to find out what teachers’ experiences are of digitalization in relation to feedback on students’ written production. Five semi-structured, qualitative interviews were conducted with five certified English teachers who were currently active in upper secondary school. The results showed that the teachers used different methods when giving feedback on students’ written productions. Nonetheless, all of them mostly use formative feedback in the form of written comments. Four out of five respondents let their students submit texts through digital tools, Itslearning or DigiExam, but then printed them and handed them back with handwritten feedback of different sorts. One respondent gave all feedback electronically. When the teachers chose their methods, the most influential factors were available time, lacking student engagement and the fact that the school management team chose which digital tools that should be used. The fact that no teachers were involved in the decision about which digital tools should be used severely limits teacher autonomy and may be the reason why at least two of my respondents did not want to use these tools, which in their experience do not meet their feedback needs.

Abstract [sv]

Syftet med studien har varit att undersöka vilka metoder engelskalärare använder när de ger återkoppling på elevers skriftliga arbeten och vilka faktorer som påverkar deras val. Vidare var även syftet att undersöka vilka erfarenheter lärare har av digitalisering i förhållande till återkoppling. Fem semi-strukturerade intervjuer hölls med fem aktiva, legitimerade gymnasielärare som undervisar i engelska. Resultatet visade att lärarna använder olika metoder när de ger återkoppling, men det finns vissa gemensamma nämnare. Alla ägnar sig huvudsakligen åt formativ återkoppling som utav fyra av fem respondenter ges skriftligt. Fyra av fem respondenter låter elever skicka in texter genom Itslearning eller DigiExam, men printar därefter ut texterna och ger tillbaka dem med handskrivna kommentarer. En respondent ger all feedback elektroniskt. De faktorer som påverkar lärarnas metodval mest var tidsbrist, upplevelsen av bristande engagemang hos eleverna samt att beslutet om vilka digitala verktyg som ska användas har tagits av rektorer och ledningsgrupp. Faktumet att beslutet togs utan att involvera lärare påverkar och limiterar lärarnas frihet att göra sitt jobb, vilket kan vara en förklaring till flera respondenters negativa inställning till de digitala verktygen. Två respondenter vill inte använda de digitala verktygen som ledningsgruppen implementerat eftersom de anser att verktygen inte passar deras föredragna återkopplingsmetod. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 21
Keywords [en]
feedback, digitalization, digital tools, virtual learning environment
Keywords [sv]
återkoppling, digitalisering, digitala verktyg, virtuell lärmiljö, formativ feedback
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-72962OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-72962DiVA, id: diva2:1329580
Subject / course
English
Educational program
Secondary Education Programme: Upper-Secondary School: English (300 ECTS credits)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-06-25 Created: 2019-06-24 Last updated: 2019-06-25Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
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  • nn-NB
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  • Other locale
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Output format
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