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Nyckeln till frihet och framgång: En grundad teori om frilansande specialisters arbetsform
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
The key to freedom and success : A grounded theory about expert freelancers work (English)
Abstract [sv]

Syfte och frågeställningar: Syftet med studien var att undersöka och erhålla kunskap kring hur frilansande specialister upplever deras arbetsform och vilka effekter arbetsformen medför för individen, sett utifrån ett hållbarhetsperspektiv. Studiens frågeställningar var: ”vilka effekter, i form av möjligheter respektive hinder, medför arbetsformen för frilansande specialister?” och ”vilka drivkrafter motiverar individen att frilansa?”

 

Material och metoder: I studien användes metoden klassisk grundad teori, vilket är en fullständig metod för hela uppsatsen. Datainsamlingen skedde genom fem ostrukturerade intervjuer samt fyra semistrukturerade intervjuer baserat på en kombination av snöbollsurval och ändamålsenligt urval. Intervjuerna kompletterades med fyra vetenskapliga artiklar relaterade till studiens forskningsändamål. Resultatanalysen skedde genom tre faser; öppen kodning, selektiv kodning och teoretisk kodning, vilket resulterade i en modell om hållbarhet för frilansande specialister.

 

Huvudresultat: Centralt för arbetsformens hållbarhet är omfattande yrkeskompetens, vilket är grundläggande för frilansande specialisters incitament och preferens samt anlitningsbarhet. Incitament och preferens till arbetsformen utgörs av strävan mot självständighet samt personlig och yrkesmässig utveckling kopplat till frilansarens omfattande yrkeskompetens. Anlitningsbarhet baseras på frilansande specialisters förmåga att effektivt kunna nätverka och marknadsföra yrkeskompetenser, samt kompetensen att kunna hantera arbetsformens potentiella ekonomiska osäkerhet.

Abstract [en]

Purpose: The purpose of the study was to investigate and obtain knowledge about how expert freelancers perceive their work and what effects the work form entails for the individual, from a sustainability perspective. The research questions were: "what effects, in terms of opportunities and obstacles, does the work form entail for expert freelancers?" And "what motivates the individual to freelance?"

 

Materials and Methods: The study used the classical grounded theory method, which is a complete method for the entire essay. Data collection was done through five unstructured interviews and four semi-structured interviews based on a combination of chain sampling and purposeful sampling. The interviews were completed with four scientific articles related to the study's research purpose. The analysis was done in three stages; open coding, selective coding and theoretical coding, which resulted in a model of sustainability for expert freelancers.

 

Findings: Key to obtain sustainability in the work form requires extensive professional competence, which leads to the incentives and preferences of expert freelancers and their employability. Incentives and preferences consist of the pursuit of independence and personal and professional development linked to the freelancer's extensive professional competence. The employability is based on expert freelancers ability to effectively build networks and market their professional skills, as well as the ability to handle the potential economic uncertainty of the work form.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019.
Keywords [en]
Freelancers, Experts, Gig Economy, Sustainability, Self-employed
Keywords [sv]
Frilansare, Specialister, Gig-ekonomi, Hållbarhet, Enmansföretagare
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-39970OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-39970DiVA, id: diva2:1329552
Subject / course
Work Science
Educational program
Work and Welfare, 180 credits
Supervisors
Available from: 2019-06-25 Created: 2019-06-24 Last updated: 2019-06-25Bibliographically approved

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