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Hur motiverar Studenthälsan universitetsstudenter till minskad alkoholkonsumtion?: - En kvalitativ intervjuundersökning
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Public Health and Sport Science.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Sustainable development
The essay/thesis is partially on sustainable development according to the University's criteria
Alternative title
How Student Health Center motivate university students to reduce alcohol consumption?  : A qualitative interview study (English)
Abstract [en]

Abstract

 

Mean, A.F. S. (2019). How Student Health Center motivate university students to reduce alcohol consumption? A qualitative interview study was carried out at three selected Swedish universities and four professionals employed were included in this empirical study. Bachelor thesis in Public Health Science. Department of Occupational and Public Health Science. Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies. University of Gävle, Sweden.

 

Background: Universities and Student Health Centers are arenas that works with motivation methods to reduce student’s alcohol consumption during studies. Previous studies have discussed social norms, alcohol culture and pointed out that nearly half of all Swedes between 18-25 years are university students. Over the years, this age group has had a higher alcohol intake compared to other periods in life. High alcohol consumption can affect health and all three sustainable aspects: social, economic and environmental sustainability that according to SDGs is to be achieved at year end 2030.

The Aim of study: was to investigate how Student Health Centers motivate students to reduce alcohol consumption. Method: A qualitative interview study was carried out at three selected Swedish universities and four professionals’ employees at Student health centers were included in this investigation. Result: The Student Health Centers used a number of different evidence-based methods and strategies with motivational interview to motivate university students to reduce their alcohol consumption. Motivational work was focused on both individuals and groups. Motivational work based on personal experiences and the implementation of motivational conversations with students were accordance with students´ health status and their alcohol issues.

Discussion: Students search motivational counseling not because of perceived alcohol problem, but due to stress factors and similar problems. A change in attitudes towards less alcohol intake among young adults could be reached due to increased awareness and knowledge of alcohol harm and alcohol-free drinks alternatives.

Conclusion: The main task of the student Health Service is to try to reach all university students by using different motivational methods and tools. The main goal is to increase health promotion, reduce alcohol risk, prevent alcohol abuse and injuries at universities and colleges. Further qualitative research is needed to be able to identify patterns of underlying stress factors and alcohol-related ill-health among university students on a larger number of Universities and Student Health Centers.

Abstract [sv]

Sammanfattning

 

Bakgrund: Universitet och Studenthälsan är arenor som arbetar med motiverande metoder för att minska studenters alkoholkonsumtion under studietiden. Tidigare studier har diskuterat sociala normer, alkoholkultur samt visat att närmare hälften av alla svenskar mellan 18–25 år är universitetsstuderande. Under studieåren hade denna åldersgrupp högre alkoholintag jämfört med andra perioder i livet. Hög alkoholkonsumtion kan förutom hälsa även påverka de sociala, ekonomiska och miljömässiga hållbarhetsperspektiven som enlig SDGs ska uppnås vid årsslut 2030.

 

Syfte: är att undersöka hur Studenthälsan motiverar studenter till minskad alkoholkonsumtion. Metod: En kvalitativ intervjuundersökning har utförts på tre utvalda svenska universitet där fyra yrkesverksamma på Studenthälsomottagningar har inkluderats.

 

Resultat: Studenthälsan använder en rad av olika evidensbaserade metoder och strategier för att motivera universitetsstudenter till att minska sin alkoholkonsumtion. Motiverande arbete är inriktat på både individer och grupper. Motiverande arbete bygger ofta på samtal som baseras på aktörernas personliga erfarenheter och studenternas alkoholfrågor kopplat till deras hälsotillstånd.

 

Diskussion: Studenter söker inte motiverande stödsamtal på grund av alkoholproblem, utan på grund av stressfaktorer och liknande problematik. En förändring i attityd gentemot minskad alkoholkonsumtion bland unga vuxna kan nås genom ökad kunskap och medvetenhet om alkoholskador och alkoholfria alternativ.

 

Slutsats: Studenthälsans viktigaste uppgift är att försöka nå alla universitetsstuderande genom olika motiverande metoder och verktyg för att utveckla hälsofrämjande insatser, förebygga alkoholmissbruk och alkoholskador på universitet och högskolor. Ytterligare kvalitativ forskning behövs för att kunna identifiera mönster av underliggande stressfaktorer och alkoholrelaterad ohälsa bland universitetsstudenter på ett större antal lärosäten.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 34
Keywords [en]
Alcohol consumption, University students, Student Health service, alcohol prevention, health promotion and sustainable development.
Keywords [sv]
Alkoholkonsumtion, Studenthälsan, universitetsstuderande, hälsofrämjande, alkoholförebyggande och hållbar utveckling.
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-30185OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-30185DiVA, id: diva2:1329468
Subject / course
Public health science
Educational program
Bachelor programme in Health Promotion through sustainable development
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-06-25 Created: 2019-06-24 Last updated: 2019-06-25Bibliographically approved

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