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Quenching a steel plate by water - impinging jets and different simultaneous flow rates
University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building Engineering, Energy Systems and Sustainability Science, Energy Systems and Building Technology.
2019 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Sustainable development
Sustainable development according to the University's criteria is not relevant for the essay/thesis
Abstract [en]

Regarding the great importance of fast cooling in steel industry for the production processes, a deep understanding of heat transfer and fluid dynamics must be held. A steel plate is heated up until a maximum temperature of 700 ⁰ C to be the n cooled down seconds later by a configuration of multi ple impinging water jets. Different flow rates are used simultaneously by different adjacent jets to perform quenching over the sample, so different hardness is obtained in the material over a small area . Temperature drop in time i s measured and monitored by embedded thermocouples and LabVIEW program. To achieve greater understanding of the quenching performance with different flow rates , several parameters are selected to be varied in order to achieve the best working conditions. Jet diameter takes values between 4 and 10 mm, initial temperature of quenching varies from 400 to 700 ⁰ C , subcooling temperature is tested for 65 and 75 K, and jet velocity varies between 1.9 and 3.9 m/s. The result of total number of 9 expe riments shown that v ariation of jet diam eter does not influence substantially on the cooling rate if flow rate is kept constant. High initial quenching temperature (600 - 700 ⁰ C ) led to slightly higher cooling rate in the stagnation region of water jets. The peak value of heat transfer rate in the upwash flow zone was more highlighted for initial quenching temperature 600 ⁰ C and below it. High er values of subcooling and jet velocity produce better cooling rates. The result shown higher jet velocity at one column of water jets changes position of upw ash flow slightly toward the adjacent column of jets with lower jet velocity. In general, the result shown that all the studied parameters did not have negative effect on obtaining various cooling rates over the steel plate.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 54
Keywords [en]
Quenching, steel, plate, cooling, water- impinging jets, cooling rate, subcooling, temperature.
National Category
Other Materials Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-30179OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-30179DiVA, id: diva2:1329342
Subject / course
Energy systems
Educational program
Energy systems – master’s programme (one year) (swe or eng)
Presentation
2019-06-04, Högskolan i Gävle, Gävle, 08:30 (English)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-09-04 Created: 2019-06-24 Last updated: 2019-09-04Bibliographically approved

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Master Thesis(1481 kB)7 downloads
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Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

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