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Estimating Position and Velocity of Traffic Participants Using Non-Causal Offline Algorithms
Linköping University, Department of Electrical Engineering, Automatic Control.
2019 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

In this thesis several non-causal offline algorithms are developed and evaluated for a vision system used for pedestrian and vehicle traffic. The reason was to investigate if the performance increase of non-causal offline algorithms alone is enough to evaluate the performance of vision system.

In recent years the vision systems have become one of the most important sensors for modern vehicles active security systems. The active security systems are becoming more important today and for them to work a good object detection and tracking in the vicinity of the vehicle is needed. Thus, the vision system needs to be properly evaluated. The problem is that modern evaluation techniques are limited to a few object scenarios and thus a more versatile evaluation technique is desired for the vision system.

The focus of this thesis is to research non-causal offline techniques that increases the tracking performance without increasing the number of sensors. The Unscented Kalman Filter is used for state estimation and an unscented Rauch-Tung-Striebel smoother is used to propagate information backwards in time. Different motion models such as a constant velocity and coordinated turn are evaluated. Further assumptions and techniques such as tracking vehicles using fix width and estimating topography and using it as a measurement are evaluated.

Evaluation shows that errors in velocity and the uncertainty of all the states are significantly reduced using an unscented Rauch-Tung-Striebel smoother. For the evaluated scenarios it can be concluded that the choice of motion model depends on scenarios and the motion of the tracked vehicle but are roughly the same. Further the results show that assuming fix width of a vehicle do not work and measurements using non-causal estimation of topography can significantly reduce the error in position, but further studies are recommended to verify this.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 60
Keywords [en]
Tracking, UKF, RTS, Non-causal, Vehicle tracking, Estimation
National Category
Control Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-158024ISRN: LiTH-ISY-EX--19/5235--SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-158024DiVA, id: diva2:1328954
External cooperation
Veoneer Sweden AB
Subject / course
Automatic Control
Presentation
2019-06-11, Visionen, Linköpings Universitet, Linköping, 10:30 (Swedish)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-06-24 Created: 2019-06-24 Last updated: 2019-06-24Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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