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Lärares upplevelser av stress i yrket
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka grundskollärares arbetssituation, utifrån deras upplevelser av stress. Frågeställningarna undersökte stressfaktorer, stresshantering samt förväntningarna lärarna upplever sig ha på sig. Deltagarna i studien var sex stycken kvinnliga grundskolelärare, i åldrarna 36-53 år. För att undersöka detta valdes kvalitativ analysmetod där datan samlades in genom semistrukturerade intervjuer genomförda på olika skolor i mellersta och södra Sverige. Resultatet som framkom var att lärare framförallt upplever stress på grund av ojämn arbetsbelastning, oförutsägbara händelser och betygssättning. Vidare förklarar lärarna att de har höga förväntningarna på sig i läraryrket, vilket i sig innebär stress. Kommunikation och stöd framkom av lärarna som viktiga faktorer för att hantera stress. Det finns en hel del forskning kring lärarnas arbetsmiljö, dock med motstridiga resultat. Denna studie har genom att besvara frågeställningarna bidragit till en fördjupad kunskap om vilka faktorer som skapar stress i läraryrket samt hur dessa ska hanteras.

Abstract [en]

The purpose of this thesis was to evaluate the work environment for elementary school teachers, given their respective experiences from stress. The questions issued examined stress factors, stress management and the expectations teachers perceive to experience. The participants of the study were six female elementary school teachers in the ages between 36 and 53 years old. A qualitative analysis method was implemented, in order to perform the stated evaluation, where data was collected through semi-structured interviews at different schools located in the central to southern parts of Sweden. The emerged results indicated that the primary reasons for teachers experienced stress were unregular workload, unpredictable events and grading.  Furthermore, teachers proclaim their received high expectations, which in itself infer stress.   Communication and support were put forward by teachers as important factors in dealing with stress.  There is a great deal of research done regarding teachers working environment, although with contrarious results. This study has by answering the given problems contributed to a deepened knowledge base of which important factors cause stress in the profession of teaching, and how they ought to be managed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 27
Keywords [en]
stress, teachers work environment, stress within the profession of teaching
Keywords [sv]
stress, lärares arbetsmiljö, stress i läraryrket
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-160750OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-160750DiVA, id: diva2:1328831
Educational program
Master's Programme in Occupational Health
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-06-24 Created: 2019-06-23 Last updated: 2019-06-24Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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