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TAPPING INTO PEOPLE WITH AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDER: "Moving Towards an Inclusive and Neurodiverse Workspace"
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.).
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.).
2019 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Organizations lack knowledge of a relatively new phenomenon of the potential of those with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). As companies today seek to innovate, this paper explores employers’ experiences and perceptions of employing those with ASD. As companies have already begun to integrate adults with ASD into their organizations’ it seems appropriate to help Swedish companies to innovate and give them a competitive advantage. This paper provides a critical analysis on the challenges within the employment market in Sweden to include individuals with ASD in high-quality labor and high-tech industries. Analyzing data from several case studies and relevant literature review, this paper describes the employment discrimination of people with ASD and investigates if such discrimination can be eradicated by developing an innovation to include those people. Further, this paper seeks to explore if such a social innovation can be adopted in Swedish companies. The results of surveyed and interviewed employers showed their knowledge, support, and confidence about ASD was mixed; partially because of the ethics to question one’s neuropsychiatric diagnosis. Additionally, 2 actors were contacted to gain further insight into the process of the social innovation process framework. In summary, these studies find companies lack knowledge regarding ASD. Increasing knowledge and awareness from successful company cases could encourage companies to design ASD, or more broadly neurodiversity, into their organizations in order to innovate. 

Abstract [sv]

Organisationer saknar kunskap om ett relativt nytt fenomen som innefattar potentialen hos personer med autismspektrumstörning (ASD). Företag söker ständigt efter innovation, så detta arbete undersöker arbetsgivarnas erfarenheter och uppfattningar om att anställa personer med ASD. Eftersom företag redan har börjat integrera vuxna med ASD i sina organisationer, förefaller det sig lämpligt att hjälpa svenska företag att utvecklas genom innovation och ge dem en konkurrensfördel inom detta ämne. I den här uppsatsen ges en kritisk analys av utmaningarna på arbetsmarknaden i Sverige, som innefattar personer med ASD i högkvalitativa arbeten och högteknologiska industrier. Genom analyser av information från flera fallstudier och relevant litteraturgranskning, beskriver denna uppsats diskrimineringen som innefattar personer med ASD och undersöker om diskriminering kan minska genom utveckling, för att inkludera denna målgrupp. Vidare, syftar denna uppsats på att utforska en sådan social innovation som kan antas i varje företag. Resultaten av undersökningen samt intervjuer, visar att arbetsgivarnas kunskap, support och förtroende för ASD är delade; delvis på grund av etiken att ifrågasätta sin neuropsykiatriska diagnos. Dessutom kontaktades 2 aktörer för att få mer inblick i processen inom ramen för social innovationsprocess. Sammanfattningsvis finner dessa studier att företag saknar kunskap om ASD. Ökad kunskap och medvetenhet från framgångsrika företagsärenden skulle uppmuntra företag att utforma ASD, eller på en mer allmän nivå inom neuro mångfald, i sina organisationer. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 56
Series
TRITA-ITM-EX ; 2019:219
National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-254195OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-254195DiVA, id: diva2:1328726
Subject / course
Entrepreneurship and Innovation Management
Educational program
Master of Science - Industrial Engineering and Management
Presentation
2019-05-28, 243, Lindstedtsvägen 30, Stockholm, 15:00 (English)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-09-06 Created: 2019-06-22 Last updated: 2019-09-06Bibliographically approved

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