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Guideline for Load and Resistance Assessment of Existing European Railway Bridges, SB-LRA: Advices on the use of advanced methods. Sustainable Bridges Deliverable D4.2
Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Barcelona, Spain.
Laboratoire Central des Ponts et Chaussées, Paris, France.
Swedish Geotechnical Institute, SGI, Lindköping, Sweden.
Royal Institute of Technology, KTH, Stockholm, Sweden.
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2007 (English)Report (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The bridge assessment in many aspects is very similar to the bridge design. The same basic principles lie at the heart of the process. Nevertheless, an important difference lies in the fact that when a bridge is being designed, an element of conservatism is generally a good thing that can be achieved with very little additional costs. When a bridge is being assessed, it is important to avoid unnecessarily conservative measures because of the financial implications that may follow the decision of ratingthe bridge as deficient. Therefore, the design codes (e.g. EC codes) may not always be appropriate for assessment of existing bridges and some additional recommendations or guidelines are required that will lead to less conservative assessment of theirs load carrying capacity. Such guidelines have been already proposed for assessment of highway bridges in Europe. However, there is a lack of this type of documents that can be applied for the assessment of railway bridges.The present "Guideline for Load and Resistance Assessment of Existing European Railway Bridges - advices on the use of advanced methods" is providing guidance and recommendations for applying the most advanced and beneficial methods, models and tools for assessing the load carrying capacity of existing railway bridges. This includes systematized step-level assessment methodology, advanced safety formats (e.g. probabilistic or simplified probabilistic) refined structural analysis (e.g. non-linear or plastic, dynamic considering train-bridge interaction), better models of loads and resistance parameters (e.g. probabilistic and/or based on the results of measurements) and methods for incorporation of the results form monitoring and on-site testing (e.g. Bayesian updating). Basis for the "Guideline for Load and Resistance Assessment of Existing EuropeanRailway Bridges - advices on the use of advanced methods" is the research work carried out in the work package WP4 of the Sustainable Bridges project combined with the best practical experience and know-how of all the partners involved. The research activities within the work package WP4 have been carried out in the following five groups:− Loads and dynamic effects, with focus on train loads and dynamics (Deliverables D4.3, also referred as SB 4.3 Dynamic (2007), or just SB4.3 (2007));− Safety and probabilistic modelling (Deliverables D4.4, also referred as SB4.4Safety (2007), or just SB4.4 (2007));− Concrete bridges, with focus on non-linear analysis (Deliverables D4.5, also referred as SB4.5 Concrete (2007), or just SB4.5 (2007));− Metal bridges, with focus on riveted bridges (Deliverables D4.6, also referredas SB4.6 Metal (2007), or just SB4.6 (2007));− Masonry arch bridges including soil/structure interaction (Deliverables D4.7,also referred as SB4.7 Masonry (2007), or just SB4.7 (2007)). The results of these activities are reported in corresponding Background Documents (Deliverables) listed above within parenthesis.The main results from the research activities performed and the know-how of all the partners in the specific areas of bridge assessment are tried to be presented in this Sustainable Bridges SB-LRA 2007-11-30 6 (428) Guideline in such a way that the target reader of the Guideline, a structural engineer experienced in assessment of railway bridges, is able to apply them in the everyday practice, without necessity of searching for several specific scientific publications. Nevertheless, in some cases it has been necessary to refer to public available literature and Background Documents prepared in the Sustainable Bridges project. The present Guideline has been prepared aiming to follow somehow the structure of the EC codes and it is divided into 10 chapters and 12 Annexes concerning:− Assessment procedure (Chapter 2);− Requirements, safety formats and limit states (Chapter 3, Annexes 3.1-3.7);− Basic information for bridge assessment (Chapter 4);− Load and dynamic effects (Chapter 5, Annex 5.1);− Concrete bridges (Chapter 6);− Metal bridges (Chapter 7, Annex 7.1);− Masonry arch bridges (Chapter 8, Annexes 8.1 and 8.2);− Foundations and transition zones (Chapter 9);− Improvement of assessment using information from testing and monitoring (Chapter 10, Annex 10.1). In most of the topics related to railway bridges assessment the Guideline uses the current state-of-the-art knowledge and the presently best practice. Nevertheless, in many subjects it propose the use of original methods and models that have been developed, obtained or systematized due to research performed within one of the five groups of work package WP4. Regarding the loads and dynamic aspects, the innovative elements suggested in the Guideline are:− Train load models for assessment of railway bridges based on the UIC 71 load model and calibrated α-values;− Original methods for quantifying dynamic effects that may lead to reduced dynamic amplification factors.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. , p. 428
Keywords [en]
assessment, load, Resistance, Railway Bridges
National Category
Engineering and Technology Infrastructure Engineering
Research subject
Structural Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-74860OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-74860DiVA, id: diva2:1328606
Projects
Sustainable Bridges - Assessment for Future Traffic Demands and Longer Lives
Note

EU, FP6, Sjätte ramprogrammet

TIP3-CT-2003-001653

Available from: 2019-06-21 Created: 2019-06-21 Last updated: 2019-08-14

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