Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Prestation, distraktion och arbetsminne hos högstadieelever
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Elevens grundläggande rätt till studiero är lagligt förankrad i Skolverkets regelverk. Den ställer krav på såväl design av infrastruktur i form av ljuddämpande lokaler, som på skolans personal i det dagliga arbetet.  Rektorer, pedagoger och elever bär det betydelsefulla ansvaret att gemensamt skapa en trygg och ostörd studiemiljö. Denna undersökning undersöker klassrumsbuller och dess inverkan på elevens inlärningsförmåga. Syftet med föreliggande examensarbete är att undersöka högstadieelevers prestation under studiero jämfört med prestation under distraktion i form av simulerat ljudbuller. Det ska även studeras om det förekommer signifikanta skillnader mellan pojkar och flickor under de olika ljudförhållandena. Ett ytterligare syfte är att utreda samband mellan elevernas arbetsminneskapacitet och resistens mot distraktion. Resultaten visar att eleverna presterade signifikant sämre under distraktion än under studiero. Det förelåg däremot inga relevanta skillnader mellan pojk- och flickgruppen i prestation. Vidare kunde en positiv korrelation mellan elevernas kognitiva förmåga och resistens mot distraktion fastställas. Elever med högre arbetsminneskapacitet presterade signifikant bättre än elever med låg arbetsminneskapacitet under distraktion i form av klassrumsbuller.

Abstract [en]

Students´ basic right to a healthy study environment is legally embedded in the regulations of the Swedish National Agency for Education. A peaceful study environment requires both the design of sound-deadening infrastructure as the effort of the school staff in their daily work. Principals, teachers and students share the responsibility to jointly create a safe and uninterrupted study environment. This study investigates classroom noise and its impact on students' learning ability. The aim of this thesis is to examine middle school pupils´ performance in an undisturbed study environment compared to performance during distraction by way of simulated audio noise. A second aim is o study if there are significant differences between boys and girls under the distinct sound conditions. A further aim is to investigate the relationship between students' working memory capacity and their resistance to distraction. The results show that students performed significantly lower under distraction than under undisturbed study conditions. There was, however, no relevant differences in performance between boys and girls. Furthermore, a positive correlation between students' cognitive ability and resistance to distraction was determined. Students with higher working memory capacity performed significantly better compared to students associated with low working memory capacity when distracted by classroom noise.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019.
Keywords [en]
learning, students, performance, distraction, resistance to noise, working memory
Keywords [sv]
inlärning, elever, prestation, distraktion, resistens mot buller, arbetsminne
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-74855OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-74855DiVA, id: diva2:1328566
Educational program
Psychology, bachelor's level
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-06-27 Created: 2019-06-21 Last updated: 2019-06-27Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(938 kB)16 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 938 kBChecksum SHA-512
98facdcd4a7f66028afcb6f258ce65809e95e9f71d349f6bfab4a472b92974cf18c3ef1c9d9fe36f09f7ff14ea8e298ab68b6567b4140b005c6ebbda262a0418
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Tassone, Ilaria
By organisation
Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences
Psychology

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 16 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

urn-nbn

Altmetric score

urn-nbn
Total: 123 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf