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Att vårda patienter med psykisk ohälsa: Sjuksköterskors upplevelser inom somatisk hälso- och sjukvård
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Psykisk ohälsa ökar i samhället och är den främsta orsaken till sjukskrivningar i Sverige. Patienter med psykisk ohälsa har troligtvis ett större behov av somatisk vård än andra grupper i befolkningen, då många lever med samtidig fysisk ohälsa. Vidare upplever patienter att stigma, tidsbrist samt sjuksköterskors bristande kunskap utgör hinder för god vård inom somatisk kontext. Syfte: Syftet var att beskriva sjuksköterskors upplevelser av att vårda patienter med psykisk ohälsa i somatisk hälso- och sjukvård. Metod:En systematisk litteraturstudie med beskrivande syntes utifrån Evans analysprocess. Tolv vårdvetenskapliga artiklar analyserades och finns presenterade i resultatet. Resultat: Tre teman med två subteman vardera identifierades. De teman som identifierades var; Sjuksköterskors kompetens, Patienters inverkan samt Organisation och struktur. Slutsats: Det framkom att sjuksköterskor upplevde att deras kunskap- och tidsbrist samt patienters bristande delaktighet i vården leder till att behov hos patienter med psykisk ohälsa inte blir tillgodosedda.

Abstract [en]

Background: Mental illness is increasing in society and is the main cause for sick leave in Sweden. Patients with mental illness probably have a greater need for somatic healthcare than other groups in society, as many patients live with contemporary physical illness. Furthermore, patients find that stigma, lack of time and nurses’ lack of knowledge constitute barriers towards good care in somatic context. Aim: The aim of this study was to describe nurses experiences of nursing patients with mental illness in somatic healthcare. Method:A systematic literature study with descriptive synthesis according to Evans synthesis process. Twelve qualitative articles were analyzed and are presented in the results. Results: Three themes with two sub themes each were identified. The themes identified were; Nurses competence, Patients impact and Organization and structure. Conclusions: Nurses experience that their lack of knowledge and time together with patients lack of participation has led to the needs of patients with mental illness not being met.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019.
Keywords [en]
Caring relationship, Comorbidity, Mental Illness, Qualitative, Stigma
Keywords [sv]
Kvalitativ, Psykisk sjukdom, Samsjuklighet, Stigma, Vårdrelation
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-44386OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-44386DiVA, id: diva2:1328503
Subject / course
Caring Science
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-06-24 Created: 2019-06-21 Last updated: 2019-06-24Bibliographically approved

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