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Intern Kontroll: En kvantitativ studie om hur medelstora företag utformar sin interna kontroll och vad som ligger till grund för utformningen
Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Internal Control : A quantitative study about how medium-sized companies design their internal control and what is the basis for the design (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Nya utmaningar i samhällets näringsliv har ökat kontrollbehovet och därmed bidragit till den interna kontrollens aktualitet samt att COSO:s ramverk fått en allt större betydelse. Medelstora företag har kopplats ihop med svaga förutsättningar i arbetet mot en väl utformad och använd intern kontroll. Avsaknaden av en god intern kontroll har därmed inneburit svårigheter att undvika negativa konsekvenser. Samtidigt är företagens situation avgörande, men hur situationsanpassa har visat sig problematiskt.

Syfte: Genom att undersöka användandet av COSO:s ramverk till hög respektive låg grad ämnar studien förklara hur medelstora företag i Sverige utformar sin interna kontroll. Vidare syftar studien till att kartlägga och förklara om organisatoriska faktorer kan medföra skillnad i den interna kontrollens utformning.

Metod: Studien utgår ifrån en kvantitativ forskningsstrategi med en tvärsnittsdesign. En survey har genomförts av respondenter i ledande positioner på medelstora företag i fem olika branscher. Den insamlade datan har sedan genomgått ett antal statistiska analyser för att få en tydligare bild om hur och varför medelstora företag utformar sin interna kontroll på olika sätt. En del i de statistiska analyserna utgör hypotesprövning.

Slutsats: Det som COSO:s ramverk ämnar att förmedla är till hög grad omedvetet använt av medelstora företag. Bristfälliga komponenter i kombination med bristfällig samverkan kan förklara varför nämnda företag antas ha svårigheter i arbetet mot en väl utformad och använd intern kontroll. Ett antal organisatoriska faktorer påverkar användandet av den interna kontrollens komponenter. Mer avgörande är däremot kunskap och medvetenhet till den nuvarande goda interna kontrollen som faktiskt finns.

Abstract [en]

Background: Challenges in business environment have increased the need and relevance of internal control, the framework created by COSO has also got attention. Medium-sized companies have been connected to weak conditions in their work towards a well designed and used internal control. Without a well designed and used internal control it is hard to avoid negative consequences. At the same time the companies situation is crucial, adaption to the specific situation has been problematic.

Purpose: By investigating if COSO's framework is used to a high respectively low degree the thesis intends to explain how medium-sized companies in Sweden design their internal control. Furthermore, the thesis aims to explain whether organizational factors can cause differences in the design of internal control.

Method: The thesis is based on a quantitative research strategy with a cross-sectional design. Individuals in leading positions in medium-sized companies in five different industries have participated in a survey. The data has been used in statistical analyzes to understand how and why medium-sized companies design their internal control in different ways. Some of the statistical analyzes was used to prove hypothesis.

Conclusion: The information COSO's framework aims to communicate is higly unconsciously used by medium-sized companies. Defective components and their collaboration can explain why medium-sized companies have been connected with difficulties in their work towards a well designed and used internal control. Some organizational factors affects the use of the components in internal control. However, more decisive is knowledge and awareness of the internal control that actually exists.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 85
Keywords [en]
Internal Control, COSO, Contingency theory, Medium-sized companies
Keywords [sv]
Intern kontroll, COSO, Contingency teorin, Medelstora företag
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-85699OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-85699DiVA, id: diva2:1328341
Subject / course
Business Administration - Management Accounting
Educational program
Business Administration and Economics Programme, 240 credits
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-06-24 Created: 2019-06-20 Last updated: 2019-06-24Bibliographically approved

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